A new strain of the Ursnif banking Trojan has been identified and the actors to blame for the latest campaign have implemented a new tactic to spread the malware more quickly.
The Ursnif banking Trojan is one of the most often witnessed Trojans. As is the case with other banking Trojans, the purpose of the Ursnif Trojan is to take away credentials such as logins to banking websites, corporate bank details, and credit card information. The stolen credentials are then used to complete financial transactions. It is not unusual for accounts to be drained prior to the transactions being discovered, by which time the funds have cleared, have been withdrawn, and the criminal’s account has been closed. Recovering the stolen funds may not be impossible.
Infection will result in the malware stealing a wide range of sensitive data, capturing credentials as they are typed into the browser. The Ursnif banking Trojan also captures screenshots of the infected device and logs keystrokes. All of that information is silently shared to the hacker’s C2 server.
Banking Trojans can be put in place in a number of ways. They are often installed onto websites where they are downloaded in drive-by attacks. Traffic is sent d to the malicious websites using malvertising campaigns or spam emails contacting hyperlinks. Legitimate websites are compromised using brute force methods, and kits installed on the sites that attack people who have failed to keep their software up to date. In a lot of, software is shared using spam email, hidden in attachments.
Spam email has previously been used to share the Ursnif banking Trojan, and the most recent campaign is no different in that regard. However, the latest campaign uses a new tactic to increase the chance of infection and spread infections more quickly and widely. Financial institutions have been the main target of this banking Trojan, but with this most recent attack method they are far more widespread.
Infection will see the user’s contact list scanned and spear phishing emails sent to each of the user’s contacts. Since the spear phishing emails come from a trusted email account, the chances of the emails being opened is significantly heightened. Simply opening the email will not lead to infection. For that to take place, the recipient must click on the email attachment. Again, since it has come from a trusted person, that is more probably.
The actors to blame for this latest Ursnif banking Trojan campaign have another trick to increase trust and ensure their payload is sent. The spear phishing emails contain message threads from past communications. The email looks like a response to a previous email, and include details of past communications.
A short line of text is included as a attempt to get the recipient to open the email attachment – a Word document including a malicious macro. That macro needs to be authorized to run – if macros have not been set to run automatically, but it will not until the Word document is shut. When the macro is enabled, it initiates PowerShell commands that download the Ursnif Trojan, which then starts logging activity on the infected device and sends further spear phishing emails to the new victim’s contacts.
This is not an original tactic, but it is new to Ursnif – and it is likely to see infections spread much more swiftly. Additionally, the malware incorporates a number of additional tactics to hamper detection, allowing information to be stolen and bank accounts emptied before infection is discovered – the Trojan even erases itself once it has run.
Malware is always changing, and new tactics are constantly created to increase the likelihood of infection. The most recent campaign shows just how important it is to block email threats before they reach end users’ inboxes.
If you use an advanced spam filter like SpamTitan, malicious emails can be blocked to prevent them from reaching end user’s inboxes, greatly reducing the danger posed by malware infections.
In the rush to buy Christmas gifts online, security awareness often is disregarded and hackers are waiting to take advantage. Hidden among the countless emails sent by retailers to inform past customers of the most recent special offers and deals are a great many holiday season email scams. To an unskilled eye, these scam emails seem to be no different from those sent by authentic retailers. Then there are the phishing websites that record details and credit card numbers and websites hosting exploit kits that silently install malware. It is a dangerous time to be using the Internet for shopping.
However if you are careful, you can avoid holiday season email scams, phishing websites, and malware this Christmas. To help you avoid strife, we have gathered some tips to avoid holiday season email scams, phishing websites and malware this festive season.
Guidelines to Stay Safe This Holiday Season
In the days before Christmas there will be scams aplenty. To stay safe online, remember the following:
Carefully check the URL of websites before parting with your card details every time
Spoofed websites often look just like like the genuine sites that they mimic. They use the same background and style, the same imagery, and the same branding as retail sites. The only thing not the same is the URL. Before filling in your card details or parting with any sensitive data, review the URL of the site and make sure you are not on a spoofed website.
Never permit retailers to hold your card details for future transactions
It is a service that makes for swift purchases. Sure, it is a pain to have to enter your card details each time you want to buy something, but by taking an extra minute to enter your card details each time you will reduce the chance of your account being emptied by scammers. Cyberattacks on retailers are common, and SQL injection attacks can give hackers access to retailer’s websites – and a treasure trove of stored credit card numbers.
Crazy deals are normally just that
You may find out that you have won a PlayStation 4 or the latest iPhone in a competition. While it is possible that you may have won a prize, it doubtful that this will happen if you haven’t actually entered a prize draw. Similarly, if you are offered a 50% discount on a purchase through email, there is a high probability that is a scam. Scammers take advantage of the fact that everyone loves a deal, and never more so than during holiday period.
If you purchase online, use your credit card
Avoid the holiday season crowds and buy presents online, but use your credit card for purchases instead of a debit card. If you have been captured in a holiday season scam or your debit card details are stolen from a retailer, it is highly unlikely that you be able to recuperate stolen funds. With a credit card, you have better security measures and getting a refund is much more likely.
never Visit HTTP sites
Websites secured by the SSL protocol are safer. If a website address begins with HTTPS it means the connection between your browser and the website is encrypted. It makes it much more difficult for sensitive data to be intercepted. Never hand over your credit card details on a website that does not begin with HTTPS.
Carefully Check of order and delivery confirmations
If you order over the Internet, you will no doubt want to look over the status of your order and find out when your purchases will be delivered. If you your sent an email with tracking information or a delivery confirmation, treat the email as potentially dangerous. Always go to the delivery company’s website by entering in the URL into your browser, rather than visiting links sent through email. Fake delivery confirmations and parcel tracking links are common. The links can bring you to phishing websites and sites that install malware, while email attachments often contain malware and ransomware installers.
Holiday season is a hectic, but be careful online
One of the chief factor in holiday season being successful for email scams is because people are in a hurry and do not take the time to read emails carefully and check attachments and links are authentic. Scammers take advantage of busy individuals. Look over the destination URL of any email link before you click. Take time to consider things prior to taking any action online or respond to an email request.
Have different passwords for different websites
You may decide to purchase all of your Christmas gifts on Amazon, but if you need to sign up[ for a number of different multiple sites, never sue the same password for these websites. Password reuse is one of the main ways that hackers can capture access details for your social media networks and bank accounts. If there is a data breach at one retailer and your password is taken illegally, hackers will attempt to use that password on lots of other platforms.
Holiday season gift card scams are very common, and this year is no exception. Many gift card-themed scams were tracked during Thanksgiving weekend that offered free or cheap gift cards to lure online shoppers into sharing publicly their credit card information.
Everyone is a fan of a bargain and the offer of something for nothing may be too tempting. Many people are taken in by these scams which is why threat actors switch to gift card scams around Holiday season.
Consumers can be tricked into parting with credit card information, but companies are also at risk. Many of these campaigns are designed to obtain access to login credentials or are used to install malware. If an end user responds to such a scam during their work day, it is their employer that will likely pay the ultimate price.
This year has seen many businesses hit by gift card scam campaigns. Figures released by Proofpoint indicate that out of the organizations that have been targeted with email fraud attacks, almost 16% had experienced a gif card-themed attack: Up from 11% in Q2, 2018.
This year has also seen a heightened risk due to business email compromise (BEC) style tactics, with emails appearing to have been shared from within a company. The emsay that they have been sent from the CEO (or another executive) requesting accounts and administration staff purchase gift cards for clients or ask for gift cards be bought in order to use them for charitable donations.
To cut the risk from gift card scams and other holiday-themed phishing emails, firms need to see to it that they have powerful spam filtering technology in place to block the emails at source and prevent them from being sent to employee inboxes.
Advanced Anti-Phishing Security for Office 365
Many companies use Office 365, but even Microsoft’s anti-phishing security measure see many phishing emails slip through the security systems, especially at businesses that included the advanced phishing protection subscription. Even with the advanced anti-phishing measures, emails still make it past Microsoft’s filters.
If you wish to block these malicious messages, an advanced third-party spam filter is necessary. SpamTitan has been designed to work side by side with Office 365 to improved protection against malware, phishing emails, and more complex phishing attacks.
SpamTitan can deal with more than 99.9% of spam email, while dual antivirus engines prevent 100% of known malware. What really sets SpamTitan apart from other software is the level of protection it offers against new threats. A combination of Bayesian analysis, greylisting, machine learning, and heuristics help to identify zero-day attacks, which often get by Office 365 defenses.
If you want to enhance security from email-based attacks and reduce the amount of spam and malicious messages that are arriving in Office 365 inboxes, contact TitanHQ and book a product demonstration to see SpamTitan working.
Version 7.06 of SpamTitan was released on November 12, 2019. The latest version includes several important security updates to address known issues with the reporting engine. The security patches and ISO/OVA images can now be downloaded and have been made available for several packages including OpenSSH, OpenSSL, Sudo, PHP, and ClamAV.
The update has been released for both the cloud-based anti-spam service, which has already been updated for all users, and TitanHQ’s SpamTitan software solution, SpamTitan Gateway. Software users have had the new release downloaded onto their appliances but administrators will need to login to their UI to apply the update and security patches.
The latest release is accompanied by a new RESTapi, which is one of the most important enhancements in SpamTitan v7.06. The RESTapi has been released to make it easier for clients and partners to implement integrations.
“Implementing the RESTapi and encouraging API adoption are vital steps in our partnership expansion plans,” said TitanHQ CEO, Ronan Kavanagh. “After experiencing 30% growth in 2019, TitanHQ expects these product enhancements and new features to make 2020 another record-breaking year.”
Users should not experience any problems upgrading to the latest SpamTitan version, but if any issues are experienced or for advice on upgrading, contact the customer service team on firstname.lastname@example.org. Technical specifications of the new REStapi can be found on this link.
In this post we propose an ideal Cisco Umbrella alternative that you can implement at a fraction of the cost of Cisco Umbrella, yet still have excellent protection from web-based threats and precision internet content control for your workforce.
WebTitan Cloud is the leading Cisco Umbrella alternative for SMBs and Managed Service Providers (MSP) that serve the SMB market. WebTitan Cloud is, in many respects, a direct swap out for Cisco Umbrella, and one that will save you a small fortune on DNS filtering costs.
Before we cover the cost of WebTitan versus Cisco Umbrella, it is worthwhile taking a moment to explain why DNS filtering is now an essential part of the security stack and why you need to add this additional layer of security if you are not already using a DNS filter.
Why is a DNS Filter Necessary?
You will no doubt be aware that the internet can be a dangerous place. As an IT professional or SMB owner, you need to make sure that your employees do not venture into areas of the internet that could cause your business harm.
Even general web browsing can pose a risk of a malware infection or ransomware download, and employees can easily be tricked into visiting phishing web pages where credentials are harvested. These are very real threats that need to be mitigated.
Rather than leave things to chance and hope your employees obey the rules and recognize all threats in time, you can implement a content filtering solution such as a DNS filter. A DNS filter requires no hardware purchases nor software downloads. You just reconfigure your DNS and point it to the provider of your DNS filtering service and apply your content controls.
All content filtering takes place in the cloud, there will be no latency, and filtering will take place without any content being downloaded. You can control the categories of content that can be accessed and, if rules are broken by employees, they will be directed to a block page and no harm will be done. You can run reports on web usage, apply controls to conserve bandwidth, and perhaps most importantly, you can prevent employees from visiting malicious websites and can block malware and ransomware downloads. Without this additional security layer, your business will be at risk.
Is It Worth Paying the Cisco Umbrella Price?
We are not going to try to convince you not to look at Cisco Umbrella, as it is an accomplished DNS filtering solution that is suitable for many enterprises and SMBs. The product will certainly protect your business from web-based threats and will allow you to enforce your internet policies. However, there is a but. If you are already using Cisco Umbrella or have made enquiries about the solution, you will be aware that the product comes at a considerable cost.
Cisco Umbrella is not a one-size fits all solution. Cisco caters to a range of different customers, from small businesses to large enterprises and packages have been devised accordingly. The most basic offering is DNS Security Essentials, which is a bare bones DNS filtering package that blocks malware and ransomware downloads and allows you to enforce your internet policies. However, there are many important features lacking that most SMBs will feel are important. For instance, now that most websites have moved over to HTTPS, connections to those sites are encrypted. You therefore need to decrypt, inspect, and then re-encrypt that traffic. The basic package dos not include this feature. Decryption and inspection of all SSL traffic is only available in the top-level package.
DNS Security Advantage is the second package offered, which provides more features such as greater insight for investigations, file threat intelligence, and some other tools. At the top end is the comprehensive Secure Internet Gateway Essentials package, which offers enterprise-grade DNS filtering with a host of features required by enterprises with a huge workforce. For most SMBs, the top package will offer a host of features that will most likely not be used. Unfortunately, the lowest level package is missing some important features that really are required by many SMBs.
What is the Cisco Umbrella Cost Per User?
So, how much does Cisco Umbrella cost? This is a key consideration for SMBs as they are likely to have limited budgets. They need to pay for several layers of cybersecurity to block the threats they are most likely to encounter. Spend top dollar on one solution and it is likely to mean less can be spent on other important security controls.
At the standard level, the Cisco Umbrella cost per user is $2.20 per month, which is considerably more than Cisco Umbrella alternative options such as WebTitan. For 100 users, Cisco Umbrella will cost $2,640 per year and that price does not include support, which Cisco considers an optional extra. If you opt for one of the more advanced packages, that price will increase considerably.
The standard price for a Cisco Umbrella alternative is around $1.00 to $1.50 per user per month, but here at TitanHQ we have a highly competitive pricing policy and can provide you with a Cisco Umbrella alternative for just $0.90 per user per month. That will save you $1,560 per year, based on 100 users.
There is More to Consider than the Cost of Cisco Umbrella Alone
Cost is not the only consideration, although it is certainly important. You will want to ensure that your DNS filter allows you to control content easily and it must provide protection against web-based threats. So, does opting for a Cisco Umbrella alternative reduce the protection you will get? Actually, you can pay less and improve protection, have an easier to use product, with better reporting, and less complexity.
At TitanHQ we have a totally transparent and flexible pricing policy and provide the same, high level of protection for everyone. All customers benefit from full SSL filtering to ensure that HTTPS traffic is inspected and analyzed, and all customers get industry-leading customer support at no extra cost.
WebTitan is also loved by users who rate it highly for ease of setup, ease of use, ease of admin, and for the quality of support provided. This can be seen on review sites such as G2 Crowd, as detailed below.
The Leading DNS Filtering Solution for MSPs Serving the SMB Market
TitanHQ is the global leader in cloud-based email and web security solutions for the MSP that services the SMB market. WebTitan has been designed to be ideal for MSPs and includes a host of features not offered by Cisco. In contrast to all packages of Cisco Umbrella, we offer a range of hosting options. You can even host in your own environment, something that is important for many MSPs. You can also have WebTitan in white label form, ready to take your own branding, another big plus for MSPs. The solution is also easy to integrate seamlessly into your own environment thanks to a suite of APIs.
Find out More About Our Cisco Umbrella Alternative Today!
Our sales staff will be happy to explain the benefits of WebTitan over Cisco Umbrella and schedule a product demonstration to show you how easy the solution is to use and integrate into your own environment. If you would like to try WebTitan before committing, you can also take advantage of our free 14-day trial. For more information, give the TitanHQ team a call today.
Microsoft has addressed 27 critical flaws this Patch Tuesday, including a Microsoft .Net Framework flaw that is being actively exploited to download Finspy surveillance software on devices running Windows 10.
Finspy is genuine software created by the UK-based Gamma Group, which is used by governments globally for cyber-surveillance. The software has been downloaded in at least two attacks in the past few months according to FireEye experts, the most recent attack leveraged the Microsoft .Net Framework flaw.
The attack begins with a spam email including a malicious RTF file. The document uses the CVE-2017-8759 vulnerability to create arbitrary code, which installs and executes a VB script including PowerShell commands, which in turn installs the malicious payload, which includes Finspy.
FireEye suggests at least one attack was completed by a nation-state against a Russian target; however, FireEye experts also believe other actors may also be using the vulnerability to conduct attacks.
According to a blog post last Tuesday, the Microsoft .Net Framework flaw has been detected and mitigated. Microsoft strongly recommends downloading the latest update promptly to minimize exposure. Microsoft says the flaw could permit a malicious actor to take full control of an impacted system.
Many Several Bluetooth flaws were discovered and shared on Tuesday by security company Aramis. The flaws impact billions of Bluetooth-enabled devices around the globe. The eight flaws, referred to as BlueBorne, could be used to carry out man-in-the-middle attacks on devices via Bluetooth, sending traffic to the attacker’s computer. The bugs exist in Windows, iOS, Android and Linux.
In order to target the flaws, Bluetooth would need to be turned for the targeted device, although it would not be necessary for the device to be in discoverable mode. A hacker could use the flaws to connect to a device – a TV or speaker for example – and start a connection to a computer without the user’s knowledge. In order to carry out the attack, it would be necessary to be in relatively close physically to the targeted device.
In addition to intercepting communications, a hacker could also take full management of a device and steal data, download ransomware or malware, or perform other malicious activities such as placing the device on a botnet. Microsoft addressed one of the Bluetooth driver spoofing bugs – CVE-2017-8628 – in the latest round of updates.
One of the most pressing updates is for a remote code execution vulnerability in NetBIOS (CVE-2017-0161). The vulnerability impacts both servers and work devices. While the vulnerability is not thought to be currently exploited in the wild, it is of note as it can be exploited just by sending specially crafted NetBT Session Service packets.
The Zero Day Initiative (ZDI) said the flaw “is practically wormable within a Local Area Network. This could also target many virtual clients if the guest OSes all connect to the same (virtual) LAN.”
Overall, 81 updates have been published by Microsoft this Patch Tuesday. Adobe has addressed eight flaws, including two critical memory corruption bugs (CVE-2017-11281, CVE-2017-11282) in Flash Player, a critical XML parsing flaw in ColdFusion (CVE-2017-11286) and two ColdFusion remote code execution flaws (CVE-2017-11283, CVE-2017-11284) relating to deserialization of untrusted data.
In the United States, healthcare industry phishing campaigns have been to blame for exposing the protected health records of well in excess of 90 million Americans over the course of the past year. That’s more than 28% of the population of the United States.
This week, another case of healthcare sector phishing has come to light following the announcement of Connecticut’s Middlesex Hospital data breach. The hospital saw that four of its employees responded to a phishing email, resulting in their email account login details being sent to a hacker’s command and control center. In this case the damage inflicted by the phishing attack was limited, and only 946 patients had their data exposed. Other healthcare groups have not been nearly so fortunate.
Our industry news section includes a wide range of news items of particular relevance to the cybersecurity sector and managed service providers (MSPs).
This section also sources details of the most recent white papers and research studies relating to malware, ransomware, phishing and data breaches. These articles allow some insight into the general state of cybersecurity, the industries currently most heavily aimed for by cybercriminals, and figures and statistics for your own reports.
Cybercriminals use massive spam campaigns designed to infect as many computers as they can. These attacks are random, using email addresses stolen in large data breaches such as the cyberattacks on LinkedIn, MySpace, Twitter and Yahoo. However, highly targeted attacks are on the up, with campaigns geared to specific sectors. These industry-specific cyberattacks and spam and malware campaigns are covered in this section, along with possible mitigations for reducing the danger of a successful attack.
This category is therefore important for organizations in the education, healthcare, and financial services sectors – the most common attacked industries according to the latest security reports.
The articles cover current campaigns, spam email identifiers and details of the social engineering tactics used to trick end users and gain access to corporate networks. By using the advice in these articles, it may be possible to stop similar attacks.
This network security news section contains a variety of articles about safeguarding networks and blocking cyberattacks, ransomware and malware installations. This section also includes articles on recent network security breaches, alerting outfits to the latest attack trends being used by hackers.
Layered cybersecurity defenses are vital due to the increase in hacking incidents and the explosion in ransomware and malware variants over the past 24 months. Outfits can address the threat by investing in new security defenses such as next generation firewalls, end point defense systems, web filtering solutions and advanced anti-malware and antivirus defenses.
While much investment goes on proven solutions that have been highly resilient in the past, many cybersecurity solutions – antivirus software – are not as effective as they were previously. In order to keep pace with hackers and cybercriminals and get ahead of the curve, organizations should consider using a wide variety of new cybersecurity solutions to block network intrusions, stop data breaches and improve protection against the most recent malware and ransomware threats.
This category includes information and guidance on different network security solutions that can be adopted to enhance e network security and ensure networks are not focused on by hackers and infected with malicious software.
The TitanHQ team is on the road once again this fall and will be attending some of the biggest and best Managed Service Provider (MSP) conferences and roadshows in Europe and the United States.
The fall schedule of trade shows got underway in Chicago at the Taylor Business Group BIG Conference, followed by Cloudsec2019 in London. September also sees the team attend Datto Dublin on September 17 and the MSH Summit in London on September 18.
If you have not already booked up to attend these events, there will be plenty more opportunities to meet with the TitanHQ team to talk about email security, web security, and email archiving this fall.
TitanHQ will be attending the following MSP-focused events in September, October, and November:
September 17, 2019
September 18, 2019
October 6-10, 2019
October 7-8, 2019
CompTIA EMEA Show
October 16-17, 2019
Canalys Cybersecurity Forum
October 21-23, 2019
October 30, 2019
MSH Summit North
October 30, 2019
IT Nation Evolve (HTG 4)
October 30, 2019
IT Nation Connect
November 5-7, 2019
The above events give MSPs, ISPs, and VARs the opportunity to meet with the TitanHQ team to discuss the full range of MSP-focused cybersecurity solutions, arrange a product demonstration to see the solutions in action, and discover how to integrate the solutions into your client management systems.
TitanHQ first started developing cybersecurity solutions for SMBs in 1999. While many cybersecurity firms have recently started offering their solutions to MSPs, TitanHQ saw the need to do things a little differently and ensured MSPs were considered from the very start.
TitanHQ has developed a suite of cybersecurity solutions that incorporate all the features demanded by MSPs. With TitanHQ solutions, MSPs can not only meet the needs of their customers and greatly improve their security postures, the solutions save MSPs money by reducing the amount of time they have to spend fighting fires and resolving malware infections and remediating responses to phishing emails. Less time on support and engineering allows MSPs to channel their resources into generating more profit.
The roadshows, conferences, trade shows, and other MSP-focused events give prospective MSP clients the opportunity to quiz TitanHQ about its products and discover how easily the solutions can be incorporated into MSPs technology stacks and rolled out to customers.
If you have not heard of TitanHQ, have yet to incorporate SpamTitan, WebTitan, or ArctTirtan into your service stack, or have unanswered questions about spam filtering, web filtering, and email archiving in the cloud, the TitanHQ team is here to help.
If you do not feel that you can find the time to attend one of the above events, contact the TitanHQ team by phone or email to book a product demonstration, get your questions answered, and sign up for a free trial of any or all of TitanHQ’s email security, web security, and email archiving solutions for MSPs.
If you are attending an event, be sure to pay TitanHQ a visit and feel free to contact TitanHQ in advance of the conference to book an appointment or to get answers to your questions:
Rocco Donnino, Executive Vice President-Strategic Alliances, LinkedIn
Eddie Monaghan, MSP Alliance Manager, LinkedIn
Marc Ludden, MSP Alliance Manager, LinkedIn
Dryden Geary, Marketing Director
A spam email campaign is being conducted focusing on targeting corporate email accounts to share Loki Bot malware. Loki Bot malware is a data stealer capable of obtaining passwords stored in browsers, obtaining email account passwords, FTP client logins, cryptocurrency wallet passwords, and passwords in placed for messaging apps.
Along with stealing saved passwords, Loki Bot malware has keylogging capabilities and is possibly capable of installing and running executable files. All data captured by the malware is transferred to the hacker’s C2 server.
Kaspersky Lab researchers identified an increase in email spam activity focusing on corporate email accounts, with the campaign discovered to be used to spread Loki Bot malware. The malware was sent hidden in a malicious email attachment.
The intercepted emails included an ICO file attachment. ICO files are duplicates of optical discs, which are usually mounted in a virtual CD/DVD drive to open. While specialist software can be used to open these files, the majority of modern operating systems have the ability to access the contents of the files without the need for any extra software.
In this instance, the ICO file includes Loki Bot malware and double clicking on the file will result in a downloading of the malware on operating systems that support the files (Vista and later).
It is relatively unusual for ICO files to be used to deliver malware, although not unheard of. The unfamiliarity with ICO files for malware delivery may see end users try to open the files.
The campaign included a wide variety of lures including fake purchase orders, speculative enquiries from companies including product lists, fake invoices, bank transfer details, payment requests, credit alerts and payment confirmations. Well-known businesses such as Merrill Lynch, Bank of America, and DHL were spoofed in some of the emails.
A different and unrelated spam email campaign has been discovered that is using IQY files to deliver a new form of malware known as Marap. Marap malware is a installer capable of downloading a variety of different payloads and additional modules.
During installation, the malware fingerprints the system and gathers data such as username, domain name, IP address, hostname, language, country, Windows version, details of Microsoft .ost files, and any anti-virus solutions detected on the infected computer. What happens next depends on the system on which it is downloads. If the system is of particular interest, it is earmarked for a more thorough extensive compromise.
Four separate campaigns involving millions of messages were discovered by experts at Proofpoint. One campaign included an IQY file as an attachment, one included an IQY file within a zip file and a third used an embedded IQY file in a PDF file. The fourth used a Microsoft Word document including a malicious macro. The campaigns seem to be targeting financial institutions.
IQY files are used by Excel to download web content straight into spreadsheets. They have been used in many spam email campaigns in recent weeks to install a range of different malware variants. The file type is proving popular with cybercriminals because many anti-spam solutions fail to recognize the files as malicious.
Since most end users would not have any need to open ICO or IQY files, these file types should be placed on the list of blocked file types in email spam filters to prevent them from being shared to end users’ inboxes.
hackers are using WannaCry phishing emails to conduct campaigns using the fear surrounding the global network worm attacks.
An email campaign has been discovered in the United Kingdom, with BT customers being focused on. The hackers have been able to spoof BT domains and made their WannaCry phishing emails look very realistic. BT branding is used, the emails are well composed and they claim to have been shared from Libby Barr, Managing Director, Customer Care at BT. A quick review of her name on Google will reveal she is who she claims to be. The WannaCry phishing emails are realistic, cleverly put together, and are likely to trick many customers.
The emails claim that BT is working on enhancing its security after the massive ransomware campaign that impacted over 300,000 computers in 150 countries on May 12, 2017. In the UK, 20% of NHS Trusts were impacted by the incident and had data encrypted and services majorly damaged by the ransomware attacks. It would be extremely hard if you live in the UK to have avoided the news of the attacks and the extent of the damage they have inflicted.
The WannaCry phishing emails provide a very good reason for taking quick action. BT is offering a security upgrade to stop its customers from being harmed by the attacks. The emails claim that in order to keep customers’ sensitive data secure, access to certain features have been turned off on BT accounts. Customers are told that to restore their full BT account functionality they need to confirm the security upgrade by selecting the upgrade box contained in the email.
Of course, visiting the link will not lead to a security upgrade being applied. Customers are required to share their login credentials to the hackers.
Other WannaCry phishing emails are likely to be issued claiming to be originating from other broadband service providers. Similar campaigns could be used to quietly install malware or ransomware.
Hackers often take advantage of global news events that are garnering a lot of media interest. During the Olympics there were many Olympic themed spam emails. Phishing emails were also prevalent during the U.S. presidential elections, the World Cup, the Zika Virus epidemic, and following every major news stories.
it is vital never to click on links sent in email from people you do not know, be extremely careful about visiting links sent from people you do know, and assume that any email you receive could be a phishing email or other malicious message.
Just one phishing email sent to a member of staff can lead to a data breach, email or network compromise. It is therefore crucial for employers to be careful. Employees should be provided with phishing awareness training and taught the giveaway signs that emails are not authentic. It is also vital that an advanced spam filtering solution is employed to stop most phishing emails from landing in end users inboxes.
In relation to that, TitanHQ is here to help you out. get in touch with the team now to see how SpamTitan can protect your business from phishing, malware and ransomware campaigns.
A new and very dangerous ransomware threat to deal called Spore has been discovered.
Locky and Samas ransomware have certainly been major headaches for IT departments. Both forms of ransomware have a host of smart features designed to prevent detection, grow infections, and inflict the most damage possible, leaving companies with little option but pay the ransom demand.
However, there is now a new ransomware threat to address, and it could well be even bigger than Locky and Samas. Luckily, the ransomware authors only seem to be targeting Russian users, but that is likely to change. While a Russian version has been used in hacking attacks so far, an English language version has now been created. Spora ransomware attacks will soon be a global issue.
A massive portion of time and effort has gone into producing this very dangerous new ransomware variant and a decryptor is unlikely to be created due to the way that the ransomware encrypts data.
As opposed to many new ransomware attacks that rely on a Command and Control server to receive instructions, Spora ransomware can encrypt files even if the user is offline. Closing down Internet access will not stop an infection. It is also not possible to restrict access to the C&C server to prevent infection.
Earlier Ransomware variants have been created that can encrypt without C&C communication, although unique decryption keys are not necessary. That means one key will unlock all infections. Spora ransomware on the other hand needs all victims to use a unique key to unlock the encryption. A hard-coded RSA public key is used to create a unique AES key for every user. That process happens locally. The AES key is then used to encrypt the private key from a public/private RSA key pair set up with each victim, without C&C communications. The RSA key also encrypts the separate AES keys for each user. Without the key supplied by the hackers, you cannot unlock the encryption.
This complex encryption process only represents part of what makes Spora ransomware unique. Different to many other ransomware variants, the hackers have not set the ransom amount. This gives the hackers a degree of flexibility and importantly this process occurs automatically. Security experts believe the degree of automation will see the ransomware provided on an affiliate model.
The flexibility allows companies to be charged a different amount to a person. The ransom set is calculated based on the extent of the infection and types of files that have been encrypted. Since Spora ransomware gathers data on the user, when contact is made to pay the ransom, amounts could easily be changed.
When victims visit the hacker’s payment portal to pay the ransom, they must supply the key file that is set up by the ransomware. The key files contains a range of data on the user, including details of the campaign used. The hackers can therefore carefully monitor infections and campaigns. Those campaigns that are successful and result in more payments can then be repeated. Less effective campaigns can be brought to an end.
At present there are a number of different payment options, including something quite different. Victims can pay to unlock the encryption, or pay extra to avoid future attacks, essentially being given immunity.
Emisoft Internet experts who have analyzed Spora ransomware say it is far from a run of the mill variant that has been quickly thrown together. It is the work of a highly knowledgeable group. The encryption process contains no weaknesses – uncommon for a new ransomware variant – the design of the HTML ransom demand and the payment portal is highly sophisticated, and the payment portal also contains a chat option to allow communication with the hackers. This degree of professionalism only comes from a lot of investment and massive work. This threat is unlikely to disappear soon. In fact, it could prove to be one of the most serious threats in 2017 and into the future.
DNS based web filtering takes advantage of cloud based technology to provide an Internet content filtering service equally as powerful as hardware or software solutions, but without the capital investment and high maintenance costs of those. As with most cloud-based technologies, DNS based web filtering software is handy and reliable, and extremely scalable.
Any Internet filtering solution has to have SSL inspection so that it can examine the content of encrypted web pages. Whereas SSL inspection can drain CPU resources and memory when included in hardware and software solutions, with DNS based web filtering the inspection process is done in the cloud – thus enhancing network operations.
How DNS Based Web Filtering Operates
In order to filter Internet content using a Domain Name Server (DNS), you need to register for a web filtering service. The service provider gives you a browser-based account you log into, submit your external IP address and set your web filtering policy. Then you just redirect your DNS system settings to the service provider´s web filtering service.
If you have a range of web filtering policies for different positions within your company, tools are available to link management tools such as LDAP and Active Directory with the web filtering service. It is also possible to put in place a DNS proxy for per user reporting and select from a variety of predefined reports. Alternatively, it is a simple process to set up your own bespoke reports.
Due to the way in which DNS based web filtering works, it can be applied with every type of network and operating system. Multiple locations and domains can be managed from one management portal, and – due to the SSL inspection process being conducted in the cloud – end users will not suffer the latency usually associated with hardware and software solutions.
Highly Granular Controls Maximize Your Security Strength
The most common given reasons given for adding an Internet content filter are to safeguard the company from web-borne dangers and to enforce acceptable use policies. DNS based web filtering achieves both these aims by deploying a three-tier mechanism for filtering Internet content. The three tiers work in tandem to maximize the company´s defenses and prevent users accessing material that could be an obstruction to productivity or cause offense.
The first tier includes SURBL and URIBL filters. These are commonly referred to as blacklists and they compare each request to view a website against IP addresses from which malware downloads, phishing attacks and spam emails are known to have been initiated. When matches are located, the request to visit the website is denied. Blacklists are given and updated by your service provider.
Behind the blacklists, category filters and keyword filters make up the second and third lines of defense. These can be applied by system administrators to stop users visiting websites within some categories (social networking for example), or those likely to include material that would be inappropriate for an office environment. Keyword filters can also be used to prevent users accessing specific content or web applications, or downloading files with extensions most linked with malware.
Exemptions to general policies can be set up by user or user group if access to a website or web application is required by a certain department within the company. For example, you may not want your employees to engage in personal Internet banking during working hours, but it is likely crucial for your finance department has access to online banking services. Similar exemptions could be established (say) if your marketing department needed access to the company´s Facebook or Twitter accounts.
DNS Based Web Filtering Provided by SpamTitan
SpamTitan offers businesses a range of DNS based web filtering solutions – WebTitan Cloud for companies with fixed networks, and WebTitan Cloud for WiFi for companies providing a wireless service to end users. Both DNS based web filtering solutions have been created with maximum ease of use, maximum granularity and maximum security from web-borne threats.
Along with being versatile and effective DNS based web filtering solutions, both WebTitan Cloud and WebTitan Cloud for WiFi include many features to safeguard your company. Both solutions have best-in-class malicious URL detection, phishing protection and antivirus software – all of which is updated automatically. Both also update our filtering mechanisms in actual time – including the categorization of new websites as they are released.
The service grows in line with your company, so you never have to worry about registering new users or even multiple networks. WebTitan Cloud and WebTitan Cloud for WiFi are infinitely scalable, with no bandwidth limits, and no latency problems. Unless you advise them, your users will never know they are being safeguarded from web-borne threats until they try to visit an unsafe or inappropriate web pagesite.
Although many reports seem to indicate that email spam is dropping, email spam and botnet infection is still a major danger for most U.S organizations and people – with criminal practices netting hacking gangs billions of dollars every year.
Estimating the infection levels and the amount of spam being sent was one of the chief aims of the Messaging, Malware and Mobile Anti-Abuse Working Group (M3AAWG). M3AAWG, is a global network tasked with promoting cybersecurity best practices and tackling organized internet crime. M3AAWG was created 10 years ago by a number of leading internet service providers, with the goal of enhancing collaboration and sharing knowledge to make it more complicated for criminals to spam account users. By reducing the impact of email spam on individuals and organizations, ISPs would be able to better secure users, IPS’s email platforms and their reputations.
It was noticed that quantifying email spam and botnet infection levels was an extremely difficult task; one that was only possible with collaboration between internet service suppliers. Arising out of this collaboration, the organization has produced reports on the global state of email spam and botnet infection. Its latest analysis suggests that approximately 1% of computer users are part of a botnet network.
The data gathered by M3AAWG involved assessing 43 million email subscribers in the United States and Europe.,The data analysis showed that IPS’s normally block from 94% to 99% of spam emails. The company’s report suggests that overall, IPS’s do a good job of blocking email spam.
The figures look good but, taking into account the huge scale of email spam, billions of spam emails are still making it through to users, with financial organizations and other companies now being regularly focused on with spam and malware.
Email spammers are well backed financially, and criminal organizations are using email spam as a means of getting hold of tens of billions of dollars annually from internet fraud. Spam emails are sent to phish for sensitive information, such as bank account information, credit card details and other highly sensitive data including Social Security numbers. Accounts can be cleaned out, credit cards maxed out and data used to carry outt identity theft; racking up tens of thousands of dollars of debts in the victims’ names.
In previous years, email spammers were dedicate to sending emails randomly to accounts with offers of cheap Rolexes, Viagra, potential brides and the opportunity to claim an inheritance from a long lost relative. Currently, spammers have realized there are far greater rewards to be gained, and emails are now sent containing links to malware-infected websites which can be used to gain access to users’ PCs, laptops and Smartphones, gaining access to highly sensitive data or locking devices and seeking ransoms.
Some emails may still be shared manually, but the majority are sent via botnets. Networks of infected machines that can be used to send huge volumes of spam emails, spread malware or organize increasingly complex attacks on individuals and organizations. The botnets are available via rental, with criminals able to rent botnet time and use them for any number of taks.
A large number of attacks are now coming from countries where there is little regulation and a very low risk of the perpetrators being caught. Africa states, as well as Indonesia and the Ukraine house huge volumes of scammers. They have even established call centers to deal with the huge amount of enquiries from criminals seeking botnet time to carry out phishing and spamming campaigns. Tackling the issue at the source is difficult, with corruption rife in the countries where the perpetrators live.
However, it is possible to lower spam level, and the danger of staff members being tricked by a scam or downloading malware by installing a robust email spam filter, reducing the potential for spam emails and phishing campaigns getting through to individual accounts. A report from Verizon showed that 23% of users view phishing emails and 11% open attachments and visit links included. Making sure that the emails reaching users is therefore one of the most successful methods of defense against these attacks.
Due to the ever evolving and more intricate nature of hacking, spamming and activity of cyber criminals, it is now vital that all companies, groups and organizations have an effective security awareness program and to make sure all employees, staff and workers know how to recognize email threats.
Threat actors are now creating very sophisticated tactics to download malware, ransomware, and obtain login credentials and email is the attack style of choice. Companies are being targeted and it will only be a matter of time before a malicious email is delivered to an worker’s inbox. It is therefore crucial that employees are trained how to identify email threats and told how they should respond when a suspicious email lands in their inbox.
If security awareness training is not made available for staff then there will be a huge hole in your security defenses. To assist yo in getting back on the right track, we have listed some vital elements of an effective security awareness strategy.
Vital Important Elements of an Strong Security Awareness Program
Have C-Suite Involved
One of the most vital starting points is to see to it that the C-Suite is on board. With board involvement you are likely to be able to dedicate larger budgets for your security training program and it should be simpler to get your plan adapted and followed by all departments in your organization.
In practice, getting the backing of executives to support a security awareness program can tricky. One of the most effective ways to increase the chance of success is to clearly explain the importance of developing a security culture and to back this up with the financial advantages that come from having a strong security awareness program. Provide data on the extent that businesses are being hit, the volume of phishing and malicious emails being shared, and the money that other businesses have had to cover to address email-based attacks.
The Ponemon Institute has completed several major surveys and provides annual reports on the expense of cyberattacks and data breaches and is a good source for facts and figures. Security awareness training companies are also good sources of figures. Current data indicates the benefit of the program and what you require to ensure it is a success.
Get Other Departments On Board
The IT department should not be the only one responsible for developing a strong security awareness training program. Other departments can supply help and may be able to offer additional materials. Try to get the marketing department to support this, human resources, the compliance department, privacy officers. Those outside of the security team may have some valuable input not only in terms of content but also how to provide the training to get the best results.
Create a Continuous Security Awareness Strategy
A one-time classroom-based training session conducted once annually may have once been enough, but due to the rapidly changing threat landscape and the volume of phishing emails now being sent, an annual training session is no longer adequate.
Training should be conducted an ongoing process provided during the year, with up to date information included on present and emerging threats. Each employee is different, and while classroom-based training sessions work for some, they do not work for all employees. Create a training program using a variety of training methods including annual classroom-based training sessions, constant computer-based training sessions, and use posters, games, newsletters, and email alerts to keep security issues to the fore of workers’ minds.
Provide Incentives and Gamification
Reward individuals who have finished training, alerted the group to a new phishing threat, or have scored well in security awareness training and tests. Try to establish competition between departments by publishing details of departments that have performed very well and have the highest percentage of employees who have finished training, have reported the most phishing threats, scored the highest in tests, or have correctly identified the most phishing emails in a round of phishing simulations.
Security awareness training should ideally be interesting. If the training is fun, employees are more likely to want to participate and retain knowledge. Use gamification methods and choose security awareness training providers that offer interesting and engaging content.
Test Knowledge with Phishing Email Simulations
You can conduct training, but unless you test your employees’ security awareness you will not know how effective your training program has been and if your staff have been paying attention.
Before you begin your training program it is important to have a baseline against which you can gauge success. This can be achieved using security questionnaires and completing phishing simulation exercises.
Running phishing simulation exercises using real world examples of phishing emails following training has been completed will highlight which employees are security titans and which need further training. A failed phishing simulation exercise can be transformed into a training opportunity.
Comparing the before and after results will let you see the advantages of your program and could be used to help get more funding.
Train your staff constantly and review their understanding and in a relatively short space of time you can create a highly effective human firewall that complements your technological cyber security security measures. If a malicious email breaks through your spam filter, you can be happy that your employees will have the skills to recognize the threat.
An enterprise web filtering solution must provide a robust defense against web-borne threats along with being flexible in order to meet the requirements of the enterprise. However, flexibility without ease-of-use can result in the solution being useless. If enterprise web filtering software is difficult to configure, filtering parameters may either be set too high – obstructing workflows – or set too low, allowing a gateway for hackers.
At SpamTitan, we are conscious of the possible issues related to enterprise web filtering, and we have developed a range of flexible and easy-to-use enterprise Internet filtering solutions that can be set up and in minutes, that have no upfront costs, and that have low maintenance overheads – releasing IT resources to focus on other important problems. We also provide guidance on how to optimize filtering parameters.
In order to maximize the flexibility of our enterprise web filtering software, we deploy a three-tier filtering mechanism and whitelists to allow access to websites that may otherwise be restricted and to reduce the strain on CPU resources when the solution is reviewing encrypted websites. The three tiers consist of URIBL/SURBL filters, category filters and keyword filters:
URIBL/SURBL filters manages requests to visit websites against blacklists of websites known to be harboring malware or who mask their true identities behind proxy servers. They also review for any IP addresses associated with phishing attacks and block access if a match is discovered.
Our category filters sort more than six billion web pages into fifty-three different categories (abortion, adult entertainment, alternative beliefs, alcohol, etc.). Network Administrators can block access to any of the categories with the click of a mouse via the centralized management portal.
Keyword filters restrict access to websites containing specific words, using specific apps, or inviting installations with specific file extensions. This third tier of our enterprise web filtering software supplies a high level of granularity to prevent workflow obstruction or gateways for hackers.
All the filtering parameters are subject to user policies, which can be established and managed by individual user, user group or enterprise-wide. For ease of use, our enterprise Internet filtering solution can be integrated with Active Directory and LDAP, and allows for many different administrative roles to be created for network managers, policy managers, and reporting managers.
SpamTitan’s variety of flexible and simple-to-use enterprise Internet filtering solutions consist of WebTitan Gateway, WebTitan Cloud, and WebTitan Cloud for WiFi. Each can be deployed within minutes and each has automatic network configuration.
WebTitan Gateway is a virtual appliance that is downloaded behind the firewall and can be run as an ISO directly on existing hardware or a virtual infrastructure. It can be used on most operating systems, scalable to thousands of users and supports both HTTP and HTTPS web filtering.
WebTitan Cloud takes advantage of cloud-based technology to send an unmatched combination of coverage, accuracy and flexibility with imperceptible latency. Deployment only needs a quick redirection of the enterprise´s DNS to our servers.
WebTitan Cloud for WiFi has been specifically created to supports both static and dynamic IP addresses. It keeps wireless networks, single WiFi access points and nationwide networks of WiFi hotspots safe from web-borne threats with the same flexibility and ease of use.
All of our enterprise Internet filtering solutions provide actual-time oversight of network web activity and a suite of reporting options that can be set up to provide deep insight into activity by user, user group, URL or IP address and identify trends or policy violations. Network Administrators can also set up email alerts to notify of any attempts to circumnavigate the enterprise web filtering software.
If your interest in enterprise Internet filtering solutions is a result of you being a Managed Service Provider (MSP) or reseller, you will appreciate that flexibility and ease-of-use is of paramount importance when supplying an enterprise Internet filtering service to clients. The option of managing the solution yourself, or delegating responsibility to each of your clients, may also be of interest to you.
However, some of the biggest benefits of providing our WebTitan service to your clients are that all three WebTitan solutions are multi-tenanted enterprise Internet filtering solutions, they can be provided in white label format for re-branding, and we offer a range of hosting options – in our infrastructure, in your infrastructure, or in a private cloud for each client via AWS. Please speak with us for more information about our services for MSPs.
If you would like to discover more about our flexible enterprise web filtering software, do not hesitate to contact us and talk about your requirements with one of our Sales Technicians. The discussion will help decide the most appropriate enterprise Internet filtering solution for your circumstances, after which you will be asked to take advantage of a thirty day free trial.
During the trial period, you will be supported by our industry-leading Customer and Technical Support experts. They will provide advice about optimizing the filtering parameters, and take you through fine-tuning the enterprise web filtering software to achieve optimum effectiveness. Then, at the end of the free trial, if you choose to continue with our service, no further configuration will be rnecessary.
We are happy that you will find our enterprise web filtering software a strong defense against web-borne threats, flexible and easy-to-use. Contact us today to begin your free trial and you could be evaluating the merits of our enterprise Internet filtering solutions in your own environment quickly.
In too many cases, news of data breaches comes with details of the failures in network security that allowed a hacker access to confidential data. Many of these failure are preventable with adequate precautions such as a spam email filter and mechanism for managing access to the Internet.
Almost as many breaches in network security can be blamed on poor employee training. Password sharing, unauthorized installations and poor online security practices can result in hackers gaining easy access to a network and extracting confidential data when they wish to.
It has been well reported that hackers will bypass groups with strong network security and turn their attention to fish that are simpler to catch. Make sure your group does not get caught in the net – set upappropriate web filters and educate your staff on the importance of network security.
A Southern Oregon University phishing attack has demonstrated exactly why so many hackers have opted for phishing as their main source of profits.
The Southern Oregon University phishing attack involved just one phishing email. The attackers pretended to be a construction company – Andersen Construction – that was erecting a pavilion and student recreation center at the University.
The attackers spoofed the email address of the construction firm and asked for all future payments be directed to a separate bank account. The university then transferred the next payment of €1.9m to the new account in April.
The university saw that the construction firm had not received the funds three days later. The FBI was made aware of the situation as soon as the fraud was discovered and efforts are continuing to recover the funds. The university reports that the hackers have not withdrawn all of the funds from their account, although a sizeable chunk cannot be located. Joe Mosley, a representative for SOU said, “It’s certainly not all of the money that was transferred, but it’s not just nickels and dimes, either.”
In order for a scam like this to be successful, the hackers would need to be aware that the construction project was taking place and the name of the firm. Such data is not hard to find and universities often have construction projects operational.
These attacks are referred to as Business Email Compromise (BEC) scams. They typically involve a contractor’s email account being hacked and used to send an email to a vendor. It is not known whether the vendors email account had been hacked, but that step may not be necessary to pull off a phishing attack such as this.
Increase in BEC Attacks Prompts FBI Alert for Universities
In this instance, the payment was massive but it is far from an isolated incident. Last month, the FBI published a public service announcement warning universities of attacks such as this.
The FBI warned that access to a construction firm’s email account is not required. All that is required is for the scammer to buy a similar domain to the one used by the firm. Accounts department employees may check the email address and not notice that there is a letter changed.
By the time the university saw that a payment has not been sent, the funds have already been removed from the scammer’s account and cannot be recovered. Payments are often of the order of several hundred thousand dollars.
The FBI advised SOU that there have been 78 such attacks in the past 12 months, some of which have been carried out on universities. However, all groups are in danger from these BEC scams.
The Southern Oregon University phishing attack shows just how simple it can be for cybercriminals to pull off a BEC attack. Securing against this time of scam requires employees to be vigilant and to use extreme caution when requests are made to alter bank accounts. Such a request should always be verified by some means other than email. A telephone call to the construction firm could easily have prevented this scam before any transfer was completed.
Despite the high profile given to Internet privacy on mainstream media, there still appears to be naivety among certain Internet users about keeping their personal details safe. Thousands of data breaches impacting millions of people are reported every year, yet one still comes across the same stories about Internet users having the same passwords for a range of different sites.
Whether a password is in place for a social media account, an online shopping site or an online banking portal, it should be a) unique, b) hard to guess, and c) changed often. To manage your Internet privacy, only ever give the minimum amount of information required and only if you have complete confidence in the website you are giving it to.
Social media can be a key factor of a group’s marketing operations – it can also be the gateway for many online threats. Internet users who choose not to use unique passwords for their online activities, share their passwords, or willingly provide confidential information without due consideration for the security implications can be risking the online security of an entire group.
Instead of an employee threaten the integrity of your group’s online security, it is in your best interests to implement an Internet filtering solution from TitanHQ. An Internet filtering solution – and proper training about the risks of communicating confidential data online – can address the risk of your organization´s online defenses being compromised by an staff member’s carelessness or naivety.
Phishing and email spam is thought to cost businesses over $1 billion each year, and hackers are becoming more complex in the campaigns they launch to try to steal confidential data or passwords from innocent Internet users.
Part of the reason why phishing and email spam still work is the language used within the communication. The message to “Act Now” because an account seems to have been impacted, or because a colleague seems to need urgent support, often causes people to act before they think.
Even experienced security consultants have been caught by phishing and email spam, and the advice provided to every Internet user is:
If you do not know whether an email request is legitimate, try to verify it by contacting the sender independently of the information given in the email.
Never handover confidential data or passwords requested in an email or on a web page you have arrived at after clicking on a link in an email.
Turn on spam filters on your email, keep your anti-virus software up-to-date and turn on two-step authentication on all your accounts whenever you can.
Always use different passwords for separate accounts, and amend them frequently to stop being a victim of keylogging malware downloads.
Remember that phishing and email spam is not restricted to email. Watch out for scams sent through social media channels.
Phishing in particular has become a popular attack vector for hackers. Although phishing goes back to the first days of AOL, there has been a tenfold increase in phishing campaigns over the past 10 years reported to the Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG).
Phishing is an extension of spam mail and can focus on small groups of people (spear phishing) or target executive-level management (whale phishing) in order to gather data or obtain access to computer systems.
The best way to safeguard yourself from phishing and email spam is to use the advice provided above and – most importantly – enable a reputable spam filter to block possibly unsafe emails from being sent to your inbox.
The main focus of our spam advice section is to keep you informed with the latest news on new email spam campaigns, email-based threats and anti-spam solutions that can be deployed to prevent those threats.
Email spam is more than an annoyance. Even if the amount of spam emails received by employees is relatively small, it can be a major drain on productivity, especially for groups with hundreds or thousands of employees. This section includes articles offering advice on how to reclaim those lost hours by cutting the number of messages that are delivered to your employees’ inboxes.
However, much worse than the lost hours are the malware and ransomware threats that arrive through spam email. Email is now the number one attack vector used by hackers to deliver malware and ransomware. Hackers are now using increasingly sophisticated methods to get around security solutions. Today’s spam emails use advanced social engineering tactics to trick end users into revealing login details and other sensitive information, and installing malicious software on their computers.
Major advances have also been made to malware and ransomware. Self-replicating worms are being used to infiltrate entire networks before ransomware attacks take place, maximizing the damage caused and the ransom payments that can be generated. The cost to industry is significant. In 2018 ransomware attacks resulted in $1 billion in losses by companies, with 2017 expected to see those losses increase to a staggering $4 billion. Blocking spam email messages from being sent is therefore an essential element of any cybersecurity policy.
Good spam advice can help groups take action promptly to reduce the danger of email-based attacks.
TitanHQ is excited to announce it will be a sponsor of the upcoming DattoCon19 MSP conference in San Diego on June 17-19.
The three-day conference is the premier event for managed service providers in the United States. Industry-leading MSPs, industry experts, and vendors will be holding sessions where MSPs can gain valuable insights into the business, learn best practices for maximizing profits and boosting sales growth, and discover the myriad of opportunities to boost monthly recurring revenue (MRR). Training will be offered on Datto solutions and vendors will be on hand to answer questions and solve MSP problems.
The focus on improving business impact growth and profitability, learning sessions, and networking opportunities greatly benefit MSPs. On average, DattoCon attendees achieve an increase of 41% year-over-year growth in MMR compared to those that failed to attend the conference.
TitanHQ will be on hand to provide MSPs with information on three cloud-based MSP solutions:
DattoCon19 attendees are encouraged to visit TitanHQ at booth 23 at the conference to:
Learn about TitanShield, TitanHQ’s exclusive partner program for MSPs
Find out about the TitanHQ technology that provides the web security layer for Datto D200 and DNA boxes
Discover TitanHQ solutions for MSPs
SpamTitan Cloud – Spam filter offering phishing and malware protection
WebTitan Cloud – DNS Filter for content control and protection from web-based attacks
ArcTitan – Email archiving for compliance
Find out how to better protect Office 365 from email-based attacks
Discover the considerable benefits switching from Cisco Umbrella to WebTitan
Benefit from DattoCon19 show pricing
TitanHQ will also be running a daily raffle to win a bottle of vintage Irish whiskey and will be co-hosting two parties at DattoCon19: GasLamp District Takeovers on Monday 6/17 and Wednesday 6/19.
Rocco Donnino, Executive Vice President-Strategic Alliances, TitanHQ will be a panel member at the Datto Select Avendors!! Event on Monday June 17, between 3PM and 5PM.
This new event aims to solve some of the most pressing MSP problems with a panel of experts on hand to offer potential solutions.
TitanHQ Vintage Whiskey Raffle Winners
DattoCon19 will be taking place in San Diego, California on June 17-19, 2019
If you are not yet registered for the event you can do so here.
The global user review website G2 has produced a list of the best software companies in EMEA in 2019, highlighting the companies that are the most loved by users of their products.
G2 is a business software and services review website that allows confirmed users of software products and services to give their honest feedback on the products and services that they use at their place of work on a day to day basis.
The G2 website now covers more than 80,000 products, has more than 750,000 user reviews, and is used by millions of business users to help them make smarter purchasing decisions.
“G2’s ever-expanding breadth and depth of product, review, and traffic coverage provide over 5 million data points to help buyers navigate the complex world of digital transformation”, said G2 CEO Godard Abel. “In our Best Software Companies in EMEA list, we leverage this data to identify the companies our users tell us are best helping them reach their potential”.
The list was compiled after assessing more than 66,000 user reviews and examining more than 900 companies. Thanks to overwhelming positive feedback by users of its products, TitanHQ has earned top spot in the Q2 Best Software Companies in EMEA 2019 List.
“TitanHQ earned its place on the list thanks to the value our customers place on the uncompromised security and real-time threat detection we provide,” said Ronan Kavanagh, CEO, TitanHQ. “The overwhelmingly positive feedback from on G2 Crowd is indicative of our commitment to ensuring the highest levels of customer success.”
Bitdefender has created a free Bart ransomware decryptor that permits victims to unlock their files without meeting a ransom demand.
Bart Ransomware was first discovered in June 2016. The ransomware variant stood out from the others due to its ability to encrypt files even without an Internet connection. Most ransomware variants rely on a link to their command and control server to generate public-private key pairs; however, Bart ransomware does not. Only the decryption process needs an Internet connection to transfer the ransom payment and get the decryption key.
Bart ransomware posed a major threat to corporate users. Command and control center communications could possibly be prevented by firewalls preventing encryption of files. However, without any C&C contact, corporate users were in danger.
Bart ransomware was thought to have been developed by the gang behind Locky and the Dridex banking Trojan. Bart ransomware shared a large portion of code with Locky, was distributed in the same manner and used a ransom message very similar to that implemented by Locky.
As with Locky, Bart ransomware encrypted a wide variety of file types. While early versions of the ransomware variant were fairly uncomplicated, later versions saw flaws addressed. Early versions of the ransomware variant prevented access to files by locking them in password-protected zip files.
The initial method of locking files was ‘cracked’ by AVG, although only by guessing the password using brute force tactics. In order for the brute force method to work, a copy of an encrypted file along with its unencrypted original was necessary. In later versions of the ransomware, the use of zip files was ended and AVG’s decryption technique was rendered ineffective. The encryption process used in the more recent versions was much stronger and the ransomware had no known weaknesses.
Until Bitdefender developed the most recent Bart Ransomware decryptor, victims had two choices – recover encrypted files from backups or pay the attackers’ ransom demand.
Luckily, Bitdefender was able to create a Bart Ransomware decryptor from keys supplied by Romanian police which were obtained during a criminal review. The Bart ransomware decryptor was created by Bitdefender after working with both the Romanian police and Europol.
From April 4, 2017, the Bart ransomware decryptor has been made available for free installation from the No More Ransom website. If your files have been encrypted by ransomware, it is possible to see if the culprit is Bart from the extension added to encrypted files. Bart uses the .bart, .perl, or bart.zip extensions.
Bart ransomware may be thought to have links to Locky, although there is no indication that keys have been obtained that will permit a Locky ransomware decryptor to be created. The best form of security against attacks is blocking spam emails to stop infection and ensuring backups of all sensitive data have been put in place.
DNS based web filtering employs cloud technology to send an Internet content filtering service equally as effective as hardware or software solutions, but without the capital spending and high maintenance overheads of either. As with most cloud-based technologies, DNS based web filtering software is convenient and reliable, and –vital for many businesses these days – scalable.
Additionally, in order to be fully effective against online threats, any Internet filtering solution has to have SSL inspection in order to review the content of encrypted web pages. Whereas SSL inspection can drain CPU resources and memory when incorporated in hardware and software solutions, with DNS based web filtering the inspection process is done in the cloud – thus enhancing network performance.
In order to filter Internet content through a Domain Name Server (DNS), you need to sign up for a web filtering service. The service provider gives you a browser-based account you sign into, add your external IP address and set your web filtering policy. Then you simply send your DNS system settings to the service provider´s web filtering service.
If you have multiple web filtering policies for different roles within your group, tools are in place to integrate management tools such as LDAP and Active Directory with the web filtering service. It is also possible to implement a DNS proxy for per user reporting and select from a number of predefined reports. Alternatively, it is a simple process to customize your own reports.
Because of the way in which DNS based web filtering works, it is compatible with every type of network and operating system. Multiple locations and domains can be managed from one management portal, and – due to the SSL inspection process being conducted in the cloud – end users will not experience the latency usually associated with hardware and software solutions.
The two most recorded reasons given for putting in place an Internet content filter are to safeguard the company from web-borne threats and to enforce acceptable use policies. DNS based web filtering achieves both these targets by using a three-tier mechanism for filtering Internet content. The three tiers work together to maximize the company’s security and stop users accessing material that could hinder productivity or cause offense.
The first tier includes SURBL and URIBL filters. These are commonly referred to as blacklists and they compare each request to visit a website against IP addresses from which malware downloads, phishing attacks and spam emails are known to have spawned from. When matches are found, the request to visit the website is denied. Blacklists are supplied and updated by your service provider.
Behind the blacklists, category filters and keyword filters provide the second and third lines of security. These can be applied by system administrators to stop users visiting websites within certain categories (social networking for instance), or those likely to contain material that would be inappropriate for an office setting. Keyword filters can also be used to prevent users obtaining specific content or web applications, or downloading files with extensions most associated with malware.
Exemptions to general policies can be applied to user or user group if access to a website or web application is required by a department within the company. For instance, you may not want your employees to engage in personal Internet banking during working hours, but it is likely vital your finance department has access to online banking services. Similar exemptions could be made (say) if your marketing department needed view to the company´s Facebook or Twitter accounts.
SpamTitan offers businesses a choice of DNS based web filtering solutions – WebTitan Cloud for companies with fixed networks, and WebTitan Cloud for WiFi for companies supplying a wireless service to end users. Both DNS based web filtering solutions have been created with maximum ease of use, maximum granularity and maximum defense against web-borne threats.
Along with being versatile and effective DNS based web filtering solutions, both WebTitan Cloud and WebTitan Cloud for WiFi are packed full of features to safeguard your company. Both solutions have best-in-class malicious URL detection, phishing protection and antivirus software – all of which is updated automatically. We also update our filtering mechanisms in real time – including the categorization of new websites as they are released.
Our service grows in line with your company, so you never have to be concerned about adding new users or even multiple networks. WebTitan Cloud and WebTitan Cloud for WiFi are infinitely scalable, with no bandwidth restrictions, and no latency issues. Unless you advise them, your users will never know they are being protected from web-borne threats until they try to visit an unsafe or inappropriate web page.
No capital outlay or high maintenance overheads.
Convenient, trustworthy and infinitely scalable.
SSL inspection carried out in the cloud.
Enhanced network performance.
Supports unrestricted web filtering policies.
Compatible with every operating system.
Centralized, Internet-based management.
Can be used on fixed and wireless networks.
No bandwidth restrictions or latency problems.
If you would like to get a feel for the benefits of DNS based web filtering for free, do not hesitate to get in touch with us. We are offering firms the chance to try WebTitan Cloud or WebTitan Cloud for WiFi for free, with no set up costs or credit cards required, no contracts to complete, and no commitment to continue using our service at the end of the thirty-day trial time duration.
To discover more about this opportunity, talk with one of our Sales Technicians today. They will answer any questions you have about DNS based web filtering and guide you through the process of establishing your free account. If you later require any help redirecting your DNS or navigating the management portal, we are always here to assist you.
Email retention laws in the United States require companies to maintain copies of emails for many years. There are federal laws applying to all companies and groups, data retention laws for specific industries, and a swathe of email retention laws in the United States at the individual state level. Ensuring compliance with all the proper email retention laws in the United States is vital. Non-compliance can prove incredibly expensive Multi-million-dollar fines await any group found to have breached federal, industry, or state regulations.
All electronic files must be retained by U.S groups, which extends to email, in case the information is required by the courts. eDiscovery requests often require massive volumes of data to be provided for use in lawsuits and the failure to provide the data can land a group in serious trouble. Not only are heavy fines issued, groups can face criminal proceedings if certain data is erased.
For decades, U.S groups have been required to store documents. Document retention laws are included in numerous legislative acts such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Executive Order 11246 of 1965, the Freedom of Information Act of 1967, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, and the Reform and Control Act of 1986; however, just over 10 years ago, data retention laws in the United States were updated to grow the definition of documents to include electronic communications such as emails and email attachments.
To enhance awareness of the many different email retention laws in the United States, a summary has been included in this article. Please remember that this is for information purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. For legal counsel on data retention laws in the United States, we recommend you get in touch with your legal representatives. Industry and federal electronic data and email retention legislation in the United States are also subject to amendment. Up to date information should be sought from your legal team.
As you can see from the list here, there are several federal and industry-specific email retention pieces of legislation in the United States. These laws apply to emails received and shared, and include internal as well as external emails.
Email retention legislation
Who it is applicable to
How long emails must be kept
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
Federal, state, and local agencies
Sarbanes Oxley Act (SOX)
All public companies
Department of Defense (DOD) Regulations
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Regulations
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Regulations
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Regulations
Pharmaceutical firms, food manufacturers, food storage and distribution firms, manufacturers of biological products
Minimum of 5 years rising to 35 years
Banks and Financial Institutions
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Healthcare groups (Healthcare providers, health insurers, healthcare clearinghouses and business associates of covered bodies)
Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS)
Credit card businesses and credit card processing groups
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Regulations
Email retention legislation in the United States that are applied by each of the 50 states are beyond the reach of this article. There area also European Union laws, such as the GDPR email requirements.
Storing emails for a few years is not likely to take up masses of storage for a small company with a couple of members of staff. However, the more employees a group has, the greater the need for extensive resources just to store emails. The average size of a business email may only be 10KB, but multiply that by 123 – the average number of emails sent and received each day by an average company user in 2016 (Radicati email statistics report 2015-2019), and by 365 days in each year, and by the number of years that those emails need to be maintained, and the storage requirements become massive.
If any emails ever need to be obtained, it is vital that any email archive or backup can be searched. In the case of standard backups, that is likely to be an incredibly long process. Backups were not created to be searched. Finding the right backup alone can be almost impossible, let along finding all emails sent to, or received from, a specific company or person. Backups have their uses, but are not suitable for companies for email retention purposes.
For that, an email archive is necessary. Email archives contain structured email data that can easily be reviewed and searched. If ever an eDiscovery order is received, finding all email correspondence is a quick and simple task. Since many email archives are cloud based, they also do not require large storage resources. Emails are stored in the cloud, with the space provided by the service supplier.
ArcTitan is a cost-effective, quick and easy-to-manage email archiving solution supplied by TitanHQ that meets the needs of all businesses and enables them to adhere with all email retention laws in the United States.
ArcTitan includes a variety of security protections to ensure stored data is kept 100% secure and confidential, with email data encrypted in transit and storage. As opposed to many email archiving solutions, ArcTitan is fast. The solution can process 200 emails per second from your email server and archived emails can be retrieved instantly though a a browser or Outlook (using a plugin). Emails can be archived from any location, whether in the office or on the go via a laptop or tablet. There are no restrictions on storage space or the number of users. The solution can be scaled up to meet the needs of companies of all shapes and sizes.
To find out more about ArcTitan, get in touch with the TitanHQ team today.
An important factor in a successful phishing attack is establishing trust. Users need to trust the source that the phishing message is sent from. That’s why hackers often spoof the email address of a senior executive or vendor contact message so the payload looks like it was sent from a credible source. Phishing can be sent via email or your phone via voice or SMS. Currently doing the rounds is a very believable Paypal text phishing attempt.
The text message is sent from from a shortcode number *729724* and reads:
Upon first viewing, it may appear to be a PayPal link, but on closer inspection, it clearly takes you to a different domain. The text warns that your PayPal account has been locked out and asks you to follow a link to restore access. If you visit the link as requested, a fake PayPal webpage is loaded in your smartphone’s browser.
Everyone who is sent one of these Paypal texts to delete it at once. Always review your messages before you click, or even better – just don’t visit the link and contact PayPal directly.
Phishing messages can originate from an increasing number of sources, such as:
Fraudulent software (e.g, anti-virus)
Social Media communications (e.g., Facebook, Twitter)
In most cases random phishing attacks are identified by email filters, but spear phishing attacks are much more complex and use employee background data to avoid filters and provide a higher level of ROI for the hacker. A hacker can spend days (weeks even) gathering data on employees and use this data to email them directly.
With the SpamTitan Email Filter, you can fully safeguard your exchange server and every recipient within the group. SpamTitan provides phishing protection to stop whaling and spear phishing by scanning all inbound email in actual time.
SpamTitan searches for standard indicators in the email header, domain information, and content. SpamTitan also carries out reputation analysis on all links (including shortened URLs) included in emails and block malicious emails before being sent to the end user.
How SpamTitan pro from phishing attacks:
URL reputation analysis during scanning for multiple reputations.
Discover and block malicious spear-phishing emails with either current or new malware.
Heuristic rules to identify phishing based on message headers et al. These are updated often to address new threats.
Simple synchronization with Active Directory and LDAP.
Spam Confidence Levels can be entered by user, user-group and domain.
Whitelisting or blacklisting senders/IP addresses.
Infinitely scalable and universally applicable
How WebTitan Internet Filtering Solutions Protect against Phishing
WebTitan provides an advanced yet easy to use DNS-based solution to safeguard your company and users when online. In real-time, it both secures and protects your business from online threats including malware, phishing, botnets and malicious sites. WebTitan uses multiple mechanisms to help network administrators filter web access properly. The threats from malware, ransomware, and phishing are addressed with pre-installed and automatically updated blacklists, SURBL filters, and URIBL filters. SSL inspection checks for the presence of malware in encrypted websites, and every web page is virus scanned.
The WebTitan range of Internet filtering solutions has been specifically created with protection against malware, ransomware, and phishing as a priority, and flexibility and ease of use in mind also. Each WebTitan solution is backed up with industry-leading customer and technical service to help network administrators apply the optimum settings to filter web access effectively in all cases.
If you are searching for an effective Internet filtering solution, or you have tried different solutions to filter web access and found them not to be effective, please do not hesitate to contact us and ask for a free trial of a WebTitan Internet filtering solution. Our team of Sales Technicians will help figure out which solution is the most appropriate for your specific requirements and explain our free trial for you.
We would also like to hear from any Managed Service Provider searching for a multi-tenanted solution to filter web access on behalf of SMBs. Our free trial gives you the chance to evaluate our industry-leading Internet filtering solution in your own environment, and your clients the opportunity to supply feedback on how effective WebTitan is at stopping all types of malware, ransomware and phishing campaigns.
To safeguard against advanced threats you need advanced security. Take a better look at SpamTitan and WebTitan today – and sign up for a free demo.
A spam email campaign is being carried out aimed at corporate email accounts to share Loki Bot malware. Loki Bot malware is an information stealer that can obtain passwords saved on browsers, obtaining email account passwords, FTP client logins, cryptocurrency wallet passwords, and passwords used for messaging applications.
In addition to obtaining saved passwords, Loki Bot malware has can complete keylogging and download/run executable files. All data captured by the malware is sent to the hacker’s C2 server.
Kaspersky Lab security experts recorded an increase in email spam activity targeting corporate email accounts, with the campaign found to be used to share Loki Bot malware. The malware was sent hidden in a malicious email attachment.
The intercepted emails included an ICO file attachment. ICO files are duplicates of optical discs, which are usually mounted in a virtual CD/DVD drive to open. While expert software can be implemented to open these files, most modern operating systems can access the contents of the files without the need for any other software.
In this instance, the ICO file includes Loki Bot malware and double clicking on the file will lead to the installation of the malware on operating systems that support the files (Vista and later).
It is relatively unusual for ICO files to be used to send malware, although not unheard of. The unfamiliarity with ICO files for malware delivery may see end users try to open the files.
The campaign included a wide variety of lures including spoof purchase orders, speculative enquiries from businesses including product lists, fake invoices, bank transfer details, payment requests, credit notifications, and payment confirmations. Well-known businesses such as Merrill Lynch, Bank of America, and DHL were just some of the emails.
What is believed to be a nation-state sponsored hacking group has managed to infect around half a million routers with VPNFilter malware.
VPNFilter is a modular malware that can carry out various functions, including the reviewing all communications, beginning attacks on other devices, theft of credentials and data, and even destroying the router on which the malware has been placed. While the majority of IoT malware infections – including those used to create large botnets for DDoS attacks – are not capable of surviving a reboot, VPNFilter malware can survive a reset like this.
The malware can be downloaded on the type of routers often used by small companies and consumers such as those produced by Netgear, Linksys, TP-Link and MikroTik, as well as network-attached storage (NAS) devices from QNAP, according to security experts at Cisco Talos who have been monitoring infections over the last while.
The ultimate target of the hackers is unknown, although the infected devices could potentially be used for a wide variety of malicious activities, including major cyberattacks on critical infrastructure, such as disrupting power grids – as happened with BlackEnergy malware.
Since it is possible for the malware to turn off Internet access, the threat actors to blame for the campaign could easily stop large numbers of individuals in a targeted region from going online.
While the malware has been placed on routers around the world – infections have been seen in 54 countries – the majority of infections are in Ukraine. Infections in Ukraine have increased greatly in recent weeks.
While the investigation into the campaign is still current, the decision was taken to go public due to a huge increase in infected devices over the past three weeks, together with the incorporation of advanced capabilities which have made the malware a much more major threat.
While the security expert researchers have not blamed Russia directly, they have found parts of the code which are identical to that used in BlackEnergy malware, which was implemented in many attacks in Ukraine. BlackEnergy has been linked to Russia by some security experts. BlackEnergy malware has been deployed by other threat actors not believed to be tied to Russia to the presence of the same code in both forms of malware is not solid proof of any link to Russia.
The FBI has gone an additional step by attributing the malware campaign to the hacking group Fancy Bear (APT28/Pawn Storm) which has links to the Russian military intelligence agency GRU. Regardless of any nation-state backing, the complex nature of the malware means it is the work of a particularly advanced hacking group.
Most of the infiltrated routers are aging devices that have not received firmware updates to address known flaws and many of the attacked devices have not had default passwords changed, leaving them vulnerable to attack. It is not entirely obvious how devices are being infected although the exploitation of known flaws is most probable, rather than the use of zero-day exploits; however, the latter has not been eliminated.
There had been Some progress has been made disrupting the VPNFilter malware campaign. The FBI has seized and sinkholed a domain in use by the malware to send information to the threat group behind the campaign. Without that domain, the hackers cannot manage the infected routers and neither identify new devices that have been infected.
Making sure a router is updated and has the most recent version of firmware will offer some degree of protection, as will changing default passwords on vulnerable devices. Sadly, it is not easy to tell if a vulnerable router has been infected. Carrying out a factory reset of a vulnerable router is strongly recommended as a precautionary measure.
Resetting the device will not remove he malware, but it will succeed in removing some of the additional code installed on the device. However, those additional malware components could be installed again when contact is re-established with the device.
Hackers are focusing on the insurance, telecoms, and financial service sectors with Zyklon malware. A large-scale spam email campaign has been discovered that leverages three separate Microsoft Office vulnerabilities to install the malicious payload.
Zyklon malware has been seen before. The malware variant was first seen at the beginning of 2016, but it stopped being seen soon after and was not extensively used until the start of 2017.
Zyklon malware is a backdoor with a wide variety of malicious functions. The malware behaves as a password harvester, keylogger, and data scraper, obtaining sensitive data and obtaining credentials for further attacks. The malware can also be implemented to complete DoS attacks and mine cryptocurrency.
The most recent variant of Zyklon malware can install and run various plugins and additional malware variants. It can spot, decrypt, and steal serial keys and license numbers from over 200 software packages and can also hijack Bitcoin addresses. All told, this is a strong and particularly nasty and damaging malware variant that is best avoided.
While the most recent campaign uses spam email, the malware is not shared as an attachment. A zip file is attached to the email that includes a Word document. If the document is extracted, opened, and the embedded OLE object run, it will lead to the download of a PowerShell script, using one of three Microsoft Office weaknesses.
The first vulnerability is CVE-2017-8759: A Microsoft NET vulnerability that was addressed in a patch released by Microsoft in October.
The second ‘vulnerability’ is Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) – a protocol part of Office that allows data to be shared via shared memory. This protocol is used to deliver a dropper that will download the malware payload. This vulnerability has not been addressed with a patch, although Microsoft has released guidance on how to disable the feature to prevent exploitation by hackers.
The third vulnerability is much older. CVE-2017-11882 is a remote code execution flaw in Microsoft Equation Editor that has been in existence in 17 years. The flaw was only recently identified and patched by Microsoft in November.
The next stage of infection – The PowerShell script – serves as a dropper for the Zyklon malware payload.
According to the FireEye security experts who identified the campaign, the malware can remain unseen by hiding communications with its C2 using the Tor network. “The Zyklon executable contains another encrypted file in its .Net resource section named tor. This file is decrypted and injected into an instance of InstallUtiil.exe, and functions as a Tor anonymizer.”
Campaigns like this highlight the importance of applying patches quickly. Two of the vulnerabilities were patched in the Autumn of 2017, yet many groups have yet to apply the patches and remain vulnerable. If patches are not run, it will only be a matter of time before vulnerabilities are targeted.
FireEye researchers have warned that while the campaign is currently only focusing on three industry sectors, it is probable that the campaign will grow to target other industry sectors in the near future.
The advice is to put in place an advanced cloud-based anti-spam service such like SpamTitan to identify and quarantine malicious emails, and ensure that operating systems and software is kept updated.
SpamTitan from TitanHQ has been named the leader in the Spring 2019 G2 Crowd Secure Email Gateway Performance Report.
Chicago, Illinois-based G2 Crowd was formed in 2012 to help businesses make the right software purchasing decisions. The company runs a peer-to-peer review platform that amalgamates software reviews to give business professionals an accurate picture of the usability of software solutions and how they match up to expectations.
Finding a software solution that ticks all the right boxes is one thing. Finding a solution that works in practice and is easy to use is another matter entirely. Many businesses only discover that a poor purchasing decision has been made after licenses have been purchased and a product has been implemented, by which time it is too late to change.
The G2 Crowd platform informs purchasing decisions and allows business professionals, investors, and buyers to make the right choice first time. The platform incorporates more than 500,000 user reviews and attracts more than 1.5 million visitors a month.
In addition to the website, G2 Crowd compiles and published a series of Grid reports each quarter. The grid reports are based on customer satisfaction and market presence and let businesses know the best software solutions to purchase.
In order to be included in the Spring 2019 G2 Crowd Secure Email Gateway Performance Report, secure email gateway solutions had to have the following capabilities:
Ability to scan incoming messages for potentially malicious content
Scan for malware, viruses and other malicious code and filter out those messages
Allow whitelisting or blacklisting to control suspicious accounts
Securely encrypt communications
Incorporate email archiving functionality for compliance.
The secure email gateway solutions assessed for the report were offerings from TitanHQ, Cisco, McAfee, SolarWinds, Barracuda, Barracuda Essentials, Proofpoint, Symantec, MobileIron, Sophos, Security Gateway, and Mimecast.
Each solution was assessed and assigned a position in the G2 Crowd Grid. Niche solutions had a small market presence and low customer satisfaction level, Contenders had strong market presence but low customer satisfaction level. High Performers had low market presence but scored highly for customer satisfaction, and the Leaders quadrant contained products that scored highly for customer satisfaction with a strong market presence.
SpamTitan was the out and out leader, scoring highest for customer satisfaction across all categories under assessment: Quality of support, ease of use, meets requirements, and ease of administration. Scores in those categories ranged from 90% to 94%.
TitanHQ the leader in business email security, today announced it has been recognized as a leader in the G2 Crowd Grid? Spring 2019 Report for Email Security.
97% of users of SpamTitan gave the product a score of 4 or 5 stars out of 5 and 92% said they would recommend SpamTitan to other businesses.
TitanHQ’s web security gateway was also rated in the Spring 2019 G2 Crowd Secure Web Gateway Performance Report, and was named a Strong Contender, achieving a score of 94% compared to the average of 87%.
“Our customers value the uncompromised security and real-time threat detection. The overwhelmingly positive feedback from SpamTitan users on G2 Crowd is indicative of our commitment to ensuring the highest levels of customer success” said Ronan Kavanagh, CEO, TitanHQ.
TitanHQ has been developing cybersecurity solutions for SMBs, SMEs, and MSPs for more than 25 years. During that time, the threat landscape has changed dramatically, which has called for regular updates to its cybersecurity solutions to ensure they continue to protect against the latest threats.
In the past couple of years, the number of email attacks being conducted on businesses have skyrocketed and the methods used to spread malware and phish for sensitive information have become much more sophisticated.
TitanHQ regularly performs updates to its cybersecurity solutions to respond to the changing tactics of cybercriminals and the latest update to SpamTitan has seen even more powerful features added to take protection against email threats to the next level: Sandboxing and DMARC authentication.
The sandboxing feature serves as a secure container where suspicious email attachments can be analysed in detail to determine whether they perform any malicious actions. The Bitdefender-powered sandbox is used to execute suspicious files where they can cause no harm, and monitor for C2 calls, and suspicious and malicious actions.
This new feature helps to ensure that more genuine email messages and attachments are delivered, and zero-day malware threats are detected and eradicated from the email system.
DMARC authentication has also been incorporated, which provides greater protection against email impersonation attacks which spoof legitimate senders. It has become increasingly common for cybercriminals to spoof domains to make phishing emails appear genuine and bypass standard email filtering controls. By using DMARC to verify the sender of the domain, detection of phishing and spear phishing emails has been greatly improved.
TitanHQ will be explaining these two new features, how they work, and their benefits for SMBs, SMEs, and MSPs that serve the SMB/SME market in an upcoming webinar.
If you are a current SpamTitan customer and would like to learn more about these new features, an MSP looking for a powerful email security solution to protect your clients, or you work at an SMB/SME and want to improve your email defenses, register for the webinar and find out more about the new and improved SpamTitan.
Date: Thursday, April 4, 2019
Time: 12pm, EST
The webinar will last 30 minutes, and advance registration is necessary.
CryptXXX has quickly become one of the main strains of ransomware, although until recent times infection was only possible via malicious websites. Now I.T. experts Proofpoint have discovered CryptXXX ransomware emails. The group behind the attacks have created a new attack vector. CryptXXX ransomware emails include a Word document containing a malicious macro. If the macro is permitted to run it will load a VB script into the memory which will use Powershell to make contact with the attackers’ command and control server. Once a connection has been established, CryptXXX will be installed onto the victim’s computer. Authors have realized the benefits to be obtained from implementing an affiliate model to help infect machines and now a number of new players have joined the ransomware market.
If a “ransomware kit” is supplied, individuals with little hacking expertise can carry out own ransomware campaigns. The ransomware authors can charge a nominal amount for supplying the kit, and can also take a share on the back end. When an affiliate infects a computer and a ransom is given, the authors receive a cut of the payment. This model works well and there is no shortage of hackers willing to try their hand at running ransomware campaigns. The CryptXXX ransomware emails are being shared by an affiliate (ID U000022) according to Proofpoint.
Spotting CryptXXX Ransomware Emails
The CryptXXX ransomware emails are being transmitted with a subject line of “Security Breach – Security Report #Randomnumber.” The emails include only basic details about a supposed security breach that has happened. The security report is sent as an attached Word document. The body of the email includes the date, time of the attack, the provider, location, IP address, and port. The email recipient is told to open the file attachment to view details of the attack and find out about the actions that should be implemented.
The file attachment titled like “info12.doc” according to Proofpoint. If the attached Word file is downloaded, a Microsoft Office logo is displayed. The user is told that the document has been created in a newer version of Microsoft Office. The content of the document will only be shown if macros are enabled. Enabling the macros will lead to the VB script being loaded. Then ransomware will then be installed and users’ files encrypted.
There is no remedy action if files are encrypted. The victim must pay the ransom or lose their files. Once an infection has taken place, files can only be rescued from backups if the victim does not pay the ransom requested.
CryptXXX Ransomware Still Being Sent by Neutrino
Since the demise of the Angler exploit kit, CryptXXX was transferred to Neutrino. There was a dramatic drop in infections as activity temporarily stopped; however, Invincea recently reported a surge in activity via compromised company websites. The SoakSoak botnet is being implemented to scan the Internet for vulnerable websites. The websites being hit run the WordPress Revslider slideshow plugin. Scripts are appended to the slideshow that send visitors to a malicious site including Neutrino.
CryptXXX will only be installed if the endpoint lacks specific security tools that would detect an installation. If Wireshark, ESET, VMware, Fiddler, or a Flash debugging utility is present, the ransomware will not be installed.
TitanHQ is pleased to announce that the SpamTitan email security solution for SMBs and managed service providers (MSPs) has been updated and has two brand new features to improve detection rates of zero-day malware, advanced persistent threats (APTs), and sophisticated phishing attacks.
From today, users of SpamTitan and all new customers will benefit from DMARC email authentication for incoming messages and advanced protection from new malware threats with a new sandboxing feature. Both of these new features have already been rolled out and have been made available at no extra cost.
SpamTitan has already become the gold standard for email security for SMBs and MSPs serving the SMB market. With SpamTitan in place, all incoming messages are subjected to checks using award-winning anti-malware technologies. Static analysis and advanced behavior detection technologies ensure a catch rates in excess of 99.9% and a low false positive rate of just 0.03%. The new sandboxing feature will improve catch rates and reduce false positives further.
When emails pass SpamTitan’s checks, files attached to the emails will be sent to the sandbox for in-depth analysis. The sandbox is a quarantine area from which there is no escape. When files are detonated in the sandbox, their actions can be studied without causing any harm.
All actions of the files are recorded, including attempts to evade detection. The Bitdefender-powered sandbox leverages purpose-built, advanced machine learning algorithms, conducts aggressive behavior analysis, and studies anti-evasion techniques. A memory snapshot comparison is also conducted to detect previously unknown threats.
The sandbox is used for testing application files, executable files, and documents for malicious actions. The results of the analysis are then checked against online repositories to identify potentially malicious actions. If the files are determined to be malicious, they are quarantined and the threat intelligence is passed to Bitdefender’s cloud threat intelligence service. All Bitdefender and SpamTitan users will then be automatically protected if that threat is encountered again.
The new sandboxing feature takes SpamTitan threat protection to the next level and provides superior protection against elusive threats in the pre-execution stage, including targeted attacks, obfuscated malware, custom malware, ransomware, and APTs.
DMARC is the gold standard for protecting against email impersonation attacks. These attacks impersonate known contacts, government agencies, and well-known brands, with email messages appearing to have been sent from their trusted domains. DMARC authentication allows these email impersonation attacks to be detected and blocked.
These two new features have been provided at no extra cost and are immediately available to current users of SpamTitan products to provide even greater protection against the most difficult to detect threats.
Halloween is a focus for many hackers when they wish to launch new cyberattacks and scams to fool internet users into revealing their personal data. They aim to drain a personal or business bank account of data and then reap the rewards that can be gained from identity theft. Halloween-Themed spam attacks are typical in the run up to Halloween.
For SpamTitan, Halloween is a busy time with many new Halloween-themed spam and phishing scams identified. This holiday time is expected to be no different. Many new Halloween phishing scams can be expected to be kicked off this year as cybercriminals try to take advantage of the unprepared.
The focus of all of these spam emails is to get users to hand over their personal information, such as account login details and credit card details. Often the emails deliver malware and viruses to inboxes, other times they share links to phishing websites that harvest information. It is not always credit card details that the hackers seek. Social Security numbers, dates of birth and other personal data are highly valuable; as are telephone numbers which can be used by scammers to carry out bogus phone calls.
You could be thinking “I would never fall for a phishing campaign,” but millions do. Can you be so sure that your employees will be able to identify a fake email or website, or a sophisticated phishing campaign? Will they be able to identify these scams 100% of the time?
Even if one email turns out to be successful, the damage caused can be massive, as Sean Doherty, senior engineer with SpamTitan Technologies outlines. “To date it is estimated that over $40 billion has been lost to 419 scams alone.”
Given the massive sums of cash that criminals can obtain from these emails, it is clear why the threat is growing and more and more campaigns are initiated every year. If a scheme is profitable, it will be repeated and new campaigns are sure to be developed.
If criminals did not gain from these types of scams, they would very quickly stop using them. However, the reality is they do, as Doherty remarks: “These scam emails continue to exist and grow in frequency and ferocity. The simple fact is that these scams wouldn’t be repeated if they didn’t reap rewards for the cybercriminals.”
All that it needs is for an absent minded employee to visit on a Twitter link that directs them to a phishing website, and malware can be automatically installed to their computer. Following that, a network can be infiltrated. Data is then stolen, deleted, or encrypted and only released when a ransom is met. The cost of cyber attack resolution can be huge. If all of your company data was suddenly encrypted, would you meet a ransom demand to get it back? Would you have any other option?
Remain on the lookout for scams, phishing campaigns, and unknown email attachments, and ensure all of your security software is up to date.
There are some very valid reasons why you should block access to file sharing websites. These websites are mainly used to share pirated software, music, films, and TV shows. It would be improbable that the owner of the copyright would take action against an employer for failing to stop the illegal sharing of copyrighted material, but this is an unnecessary legal danger.
However, the chief risk from using these websites comes in the form of malware. Research completed by IDC in 2013 indicated that out of 533 tests of websites and peer-2-peer file sharing networks, the downloading of pirated software lead to spyware and tracking cookies being downloaded to users’ computers 78% of the time. More concerning is the fact that Trojans were downloaded with pirated software 36% of the time.
A survey carried out on IT managers and CIOs at the time showed that malware was downloaded 15% of the time with the software. IDC found that overall there was a 33.3% chance of infecting a machine with malware by using pirated software.
Even browsing on torrent sites can be harmful. This week Malwarebytes said that visitors to The Pirate Bay were shown malicious adverts. An advertiser used a pop-under to silently redirect users to a malicious site that had the Magnitude exploit kit which was used to install Cerber ransomware onto users’ devices.
A study completed by UC San Diego involved testing pirated software downloads using VirusTotal. VirusTotal reviews files against the databases of 47 different anti-virus services. The research team found that 50% of pirated files were infected with malware.
Dealing with malware from pirated software was found to take around 1.5 billion hours per year. For companies the cost can be considerable. IDC estimated the cost to enterprises to be around $114 billion in 2013 alone. And that was just for the clean-up. The cost of data breaches caused by illegal software installations was calculated at around $350 billion.
Groups can monitor devices and check for unauthorized software downloads on individual devices; however, by the time a software installation has been identified, malware is likely to already have been downloaded. A recent report by Verizon indicates that on average, hackers are able to extract data within 28 minutes of obtaining access to a system.
One of the simplest ways to manage risk is to block file sharing websites including P2P and torrent sites. A web filter can be easily set up to block file sharing websites and stop them from being accessed. Many web filters can also be set up to block specific file types from being installed, including keygens and other executables.
By preventing access to file sharing websites organizations can ensure that copyright-violating activities are stopped and malware risk is effectively handled. Additionally, web filters can be used to block web-borne threats including phishing websites, compromised webpages, spam and botnets, adware, malware, ransomware, and anonymizers.
Choosing not to block file sharing websites could turn out to be expensive for a company. It is far better to block possibly dangerous websites and online activities than to have to cover the cost of removing malware infections and managing with data breaches.
The best security against malware, spam, hacker attacks, policy breaches and other email and web threats is a layered set of defenses in which software, services, hardware and policies are incorporated to safeguard data and other assets at the network, system and application tiers. However, an obvious – but often-disregarded – layer in this cake of protection is the common sense of your staff – one of the critical layers to stop threats from gaining a foothold. As the picture says ‘just because you can, doesn’t mean you should’, this is where common sense is important.
Spear phishing is an increasing issue where a targeted false email that seems to be legitimate is sent to individuals or a company in order to obtain data. For instance e, by looking at a Facebook page of someone with whom I am not connected. I can see that she is a realtor, has listed a home at 657 Noble in [city name withheld], was born on January 26th, has a cat named Lou, is a member of the Agent Leadership Council at a southern California realty organization, likes ice skating, resides in Thousand Oaks, speaks French, and took a vacation to Orlando on February 11th. If I was a hacker intent on sending her a spear phishing email – perhaps with the intent of infecting her PC with Zeus – I could use these details to craft an email that she would be likely to click on. For example, an email with the title “Need to schedule a vet appointment for Lou” or “We mistakenly overcharged you on your recent trip to Orlando”, or maybe even a LinkedIn invitation that includes personal details, would likely get her attention and increase the possibility of her becoming a victim of a spear phisher. This is not to say that this Facebook customer lacks common sense, but the details she has posted could be used against her and her company and needs to be looked at in that light.
Spam filtering technology is successful at preventing spam emails that include links to malware sources (albeit with some spam filters more effective than others). The RSA exploit in April 2011, in which some staff members received an email with an Excel attachment, was due to spear phishing emails that were effectively quarantined by spam filtering technology, but later opened by staff members from the quarantine. A spear phishing email at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in April 2011 was received by 530 workers, 11% of whom clicked on a malicious link. Many users are not adequately when asked for information. For instance, before last year’s royal wedding between Prince William and Kate Middleton, a Facebook hacking scam was doing the rounds asking respondents to create their royal wedding guest name. This name consisted of one grandparent’s name, the name of a first pet, and the name of the street on which the victim lived when they were younger – all likely responses to security questions one might get asked when resetting a password.
TitanHQ kickstarted its 2019 MSP roadshow program on February 14 with events in London and Florida. The 2019 season will see the TitanHQ team attend 15 roadshows and conferences in Ireland, Canada, the Netherlands, the UK, and the USA and meet new and prospective MSP partners, Wi-Fi providers, and ISPs.
In the summer of 2018, TitanHQ formed a strategic alliance with Datto which saw WebTitan Cloud and WebTitan Cloud for WiFi web filtering solutions incorporated into the Datto networking range. TitanHQ has been working closely with Datto MSPs ever since and has been helping them add web filtering to their security stacks and start providing their clients with world-class web filtering services.
Following on from a highly successful series of Datto roadshows in 2017, the TitanHQ team is back on the road and will be attending 7 Datto roadshow events over the coming 5 months, finishing off at DattoCon in June. The campaign started today at the TitanHQ-sponsored Datto Roadshow in Tampa, Florida. TitanHQ Alliance Manager Patrick Regan attended the roadshow and has been meeting with MSP to explain about WebTitan Cloud, WebTitan Cloud for WiFi, SpamTitan, and ArcTitan, and how they can benefit MSPs an help them build a high margin security practice.
For two years now, TitanHQ has been a member of the IT Nation community and has been helping MSPs get the most out of TitanHQ products to better serve the needs of their clients. It has been a great learning experience and a thoroughly enjoyable couple of years. The first of three IT Nation event took place today – The IT Nation Q1 EMEA Meeting in London. The event was attended by TitanHQ Alliance Manager Eddie Monaghan, who will be helping MSPs discover TitanHQ email security, DNS filtering, and email archiving solutions all week.
TitanHQ Alliance Manager, Eddie Monaghan.
If you were unable to attend either of these events, there are plenty more opportunities to meet with TitanHQ over the coming months. The full schedule of events that will be attended by members of the TitanHQ team are detailed below. We look forward to meeting you at one of the upcoming roadshow events in 2019.
Dating email scams have experienced a significant rise during January and went on into February. You have probably already witnessed emails like this landing in your inboxes.
The emails look like they were sent by Russian women seeking love. Unsolicited emails from attractive women that include suggestive pictures and messages claiming the recipient is particularly attractive are certain to be spam, yet the emails are effective. The FBI’s figures show that approximately $230 million is lost to these scams alone each year. In 2016, the FBI received was sent 15,000 complaints in relation to financial losses as a result of dating and romance scams.
There were two major spikes in spam email volume between January 15 and 17 and January 29 and February 2 when around 35 million dating spam messages were sent using the Necurs botnet. Over 230 million messages were shared during a two-week period in January. The focus of the campaign is to steal credit card information, payments to cover flights to take the women over to the US, but in many cases the purpose is to fool the email recipient into installing malware.
Hackers use all types of tactics to entice users to click. Another effective tactic, highlighted by security awareness training firms KnowBe4 and PhishMe, is the use of eCards, particularly on Valentine’s Day. Links are sent that appear to be from genuine eCard sites that require users to click the link to view a Valentine’s day card from a secret admirer. The purpose is to share malware.
Valentine’s day email scams this year also come with messages warning the recipient about the failed delivery of flowers from Interflora and email attachments claiming to be delivery receipts.
It is highly probably that these emails being clicked on makes defending against them a major pain for companies. Just one click is all it takes for malware to be downloaded, and since many malware variants can rapidly spread laterally, one click could be all it takes to impact a complete network.
Winter Olympics Scams Persist
This month has also borne witness to a number of Winter Olympics phishing campaigns. Hackers have been focusing on the games to get their emails clicked on. Malicious links are used to direct users to websites that claim to have recent news on the events, the competitors, fake news, and the results of events.
Instead of this these links direct users to phishing websites, exploit kits, and sites where malware is silently installed. With workers not able to watch the sports live at work, these malicious emails stand a high chance of being clicked on.
With Valentine’s day and the Winter Olympics, February has been a fruitful busy month for scammers and with the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics still in full flow, companies need to be on high alert.
Luckily, there is one technology in particular that can help businesses counter these email-based dangers. An advanced spam filtering solution: The most successful security measure against email-based attacks. An advanced spam filter such as SpamTitan blocks more than 99.9% of spam emails, 100% of known malware, and ensures that phishing and other malicious emails do not land in inboxes.
Contact the TitanHQ team today to find out more about SpamTitan.
Sextortion scams have proven popular with hackers in 2019. A well-composed email and an email list are all that is necessary. The latter can easily be bought for next to nothing via darknet marketplaces and hacking forums. Next to no technical skill is required to run sextortion scams and as hackers’ Bitcoin wallets show, they are effective.
Many sextortion scams use the tried and tested method of threatening to expose a user’s online activities (pornography habits, dating/adultery site usage) to all their contacts and friends/family unless a payment is completed. Some of the recent sextortion scams have added credibility by stating that they had users’ passwords. However, new sextortion scams have been detected in the past few days that are using a different tactic to get users to pay up.
The email template used in this scam is like other recent sextortion scams. The hackers claim to have a video of the victim viewing adult content. The footage was recorded through the victim’s webcam and has been spliced with screenshots of the content that was being looked at.
In the new campaign the email includes the user’s email account in the body of the email, a password (Most likely an old password impacted in a previous breach), and a hyperlink that the victim is encouraged to click to download the video that has been created and see exactly what will soon be shared via email and social media networks.
Visiting the link in the video will trigger the installation of a zip file. The compressed file contains a document including the text of the email along with the supposed video file. That video file is actually an information gatherer – The Azorult Trojan.
This form of the scam is even more likely to be successful than past campaigns. Many individuals who receive a sextortion scam email will see it for what it really is: A mass email including an empty threat. However, the inclusion of a link to download a video is likely to see many people download the file to find out if the threat is real.
If the zip file is opened and the Azorult Trojan executed, it will silently gather information from the user’s computer – Similar information to what the attacker claims to have already obtained: Cookies from websites the user has seen, chat histories, files stored on the computer, and login information entered through browsers such as email account and bank details.
However, it doesn’t finish here. The Azorult Trojan will also install a secondary payload: GandCrab ransomware. Once information has been gathered, the user will have their personal files encrypted: Documents, spreadsheets, digital images, databases, music, videos, and more. Recovery will depend on those files having been backed up and not being encrypted by the ransomware. Aside from permanent file loss, the only other alternative will be to pay a high ransom for the key to decrypt the files.
If the email was sent to a business email account, or a personal email account that was being logged onto at work, files on the victim’s work computer will be encrypted. Since a record of the original email will have been extracted on the device, the reason why the malware was downloaded will be made clear to the IT department.
The key to not being tricked is to ignore any threats sent via email and never click links in the emails nor click on email attachments.
Companies can plan for the threat by using cybersecurity solutions such as spam filters and web filters. The former stop the emails from being sent while the latter blocks access to sites that host malware.
The malware known as ‘Ovidiy Stealer’ is password stealing software that will capture login details and send the information to the hacker’s C2 server. As with most other password stealers, information is captured as it is entered into websites such as banking portals, web-based email accounts, social media accounts and other online services.
However, even if a device is infected, the Ovidiy Stealer will not capture information entered via Internet Explorer or Safari. The malware is also not persistent and if the computer is rebooted the malware will stop trying to complete its task.
Sadly, if you use Chrome or Opera, your confidential personal data is likely to be compromised. Other browsers known to be supported include Orbitum, Torch, Amigo and Kometa. However, sd the malware is being regularly updated it is likely other browsers will come online soon.
Ovidiy Stealer is a new malware, first identified only a month ago. It is chiefly being implemented in attacks in Russian-speaking regions, although it is possible that multi-language versions will be developed and attacks will soon be seen in other regions.
Proofpoint Researchers, who first detected the password stealing malware, are of the opinion that email is the primary attack vector, with the malware packaged in an executable file shared as an attachment. Proofpoint also thinks that rather than email attachments, links to download pages are also being implemented. Samples have been seen bundled with LiteBitcoin installers and the malware is also being sent through file-sharing websites, in particular via Keygen software cracking programs.
New password stealers are regularly being released, but what make the Ovidiy Stealer different and makes it particularly dangerous is it is being made available online at a particularly low price. Just $13 (450-750 Rubles) will get one build bundled into an executable ready for delivery using a spam email campaign. Due to the low cost there are likely to be many malicious actors carrying out campaigns to spread the malware, hence the range of attack vectors.
Would be hackers willing to part with $13 are able to see the number of infections using a web control panel complete with login. using the control panel they can control their account, view the number of infections, build more stubs and review the logs generated by the malware.
Safeguarding against malware such as Ovidiy Stealer demands caution as it requires time before new malware are discovered by AV solutions. Some AV solutions are already identifying the malware, but not all of them. As ever, when receiving an email from an unknown sender, do not click on attachments or visit hyperlinks.
Sextortion scams have been in the rise in the last six months and these scams normally implement the technique of threatening to expose a user’s online activities (pornography habits, dating/adultery site usage) to all their contacts and friends/family unless a payment is completed.
A number of the recent sextortion scams have boosted their credibility by claiming to have users’ passwords. However, new sextortion scams have been discovered that are using a different tactic to get users to pay up. The email template seen in this scam is similar to other recent sextortion scams. The scammers say that they have a video of the victim viewing adult content. The footage was captured using the victim’s webcam and has been spliced with screenshots of the content that was being looked at.
In the new campaign the email includes the user’s email account in the text of the email, a password (probably an old password compromised in a previous breach), and a hyperlink that the victim is asked to click to download the video that has been created and see exactly what will soon be shared via email and social media networks.
Clicking the link in the video will lead to the downloading of a zip file. The compressed file includes a document including the text of the email and the supposed video file. That video file is really an information stealer – The Azorult Trojan.
This type of scam is even more likely to be successful than past campaigns. Many people who receive a sextortion scam email will see it as fake. However, the a link to download a video being included may lead to many people downloading the file to see if the threat is real.
If the zip file is downloaded and the Azorult Trojan executed, it will silently gather data from the user’s computer – similar information to what the hacker claims to have already obtained: Cookies from websites the user has visited, chat histories, files stored on the computer, and login information entered through browsers such as email account and bank details.
The Azorult Trojan will also install a secondary payload: GandCrab ransomware. Once data has been gathered, the user will have their personal files encrypted: Documents, spreadsheets, digital photos, databases, music, videos, and more. Recovery will only be possible if these files having been backed up and not also encrypted by the ransomware. Apart from permanent file loss, the only other option will be to pay a sizeable ransom for the key to decrypt the files.
If the email was issued to a business email account, or a personal email account that was accessed at work, files on the victim’s work computer will also be encrypted. As a record of the initial email will have been extracted on the device, the reason why the malware was downloaded will be made clear to the IT department.
The key to not being tricked is to disregard any threats sent using email and never click links in the emails or click on email attachments.
A new Netflix phishing scam has been discovered that tries to trick Netflix subscribers into disclosing their login credentials and other sensitive data such as Social Security numbers and bank account numbers.
This Netflix phishing scam is like to others that have been discovered over the past few months. A major campaign was identified in October and another in November. The most recent Netflix phishing scam confirms that the threat actors are now beginning large-scale phishing attacks on a monthly basis.
The number of current Netflix scams and the scale of the campaigns has resulted in the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to issue a warning to increase awareness of the threat.
The most recent campaign was detected by an officer in the Ohio Police Department. As with previous campaigns, the hackers use a tried and tested method to get users to click on the link in the email – the danger of account closure due to issues with the user’s billing details.
In order to stop closure of the user’s Netflix account a link in the email must be visited. That will bring the user to the Netflix site where login details and banking information must be handed over. While the web page looks genuine, it is hosted on a domain controlled by the hackers. Any details entered on that web page will be obtained by the people behind the scam.
The emails appear authentic and include the correct logos and color schemes and are almost identical to the official emails sent to subscribers to Netflix. Netflix also includes links in its emails, so unwary users may click without first reviewing the authenticity of the email.
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Image Source: FTC via Ohio Police Department
There are indications that the email is not what it seems. The email begins “Hi Dear”; British English is used, even though the email is sent to U.S. citizens; the email is sent from a domain that is not used by Netflix; and the domain to which the email brings users is similarly suspect. However, the scam is sure to trick many users who fail to carefully check emails before taking any action.
Internet Browsers need to exercise caution with email and should carefully check messages before replying, no matter how urgent the call for action is. It is a good best practice to always visit a website directly by entering in the domain into the address bar of a web browser, rather than using the hyperlink in an email.
If the email is discovered to be a scam, it should be reported to the proper authorities in the country in which you reside and also to the company the hackers are impersonating. In the case of Netflix phishing scams, emails should be forwarded to email@example.com.
While this Netflix phishing scam targets consumers, companies are also at risk. Many similar scams attempt to get users to part with business login details and bank account data. Companies can cut the risk of data and financial losses to phishing scams by ensuring all members of the company, from the CEO down, are given ongoing security awareness training and are taught cybersecurity best practices and are made aware of the latest dangers.
An advanced spam filtering solution is also strongly recommended to see to it that the vast majority of these scam emails are blocked and do not land in inboxes. SpamTitan for instance, prevents more than 99.9% of spam and phishing emails and 100% of known malware.
For further details on anti-phishing solutions for companies, get in touch with the TitanHQ team today.
A recent Virginia Tech study of commonly used passwords by Dashlane/Virginia Tech has unveiled what some of the worst passwords of 2018 were.
For the study, researchers supplied Dashlane with an anonymized copy of 61.5 million passwords. The password list was established using 107 individual lists of passwords available on forums and in data archives, many of which have come from previous data breaches.
The analysis of the list showed many common themes. These include the names of local sports teams: In the UK, common password choices witnessed were liverpool, chelsea and arsenal – the leading soccer teams in the Premier League.
Commercial brand names were also selected, such as cocacola, snickers, mercedes, skittles, mustang, and playboy. MySpace and LinkedIn were also common choices, alarmingly, to secure accounts on those websites.
Music and film references were often used, with Spiderman, superman, starwars, and pokemon all typical choices as were expressions of frustration – a**hole, bull****, and f***you were repeatedly chosen.
The Dashlane report indicates that despite warnings about the risk of using easy-to-remember passwords, end users are still opting for weak passwords. One very worrying trend is the use of seemingly safe passwords, which are anything but secure.
1q2w3e4r5t6y and 1qaz2wsx3edc may seem to be relatively secure passwords; however, how they are set up makes them easy to guess. They are certainly stronger than “password” or letmein” but not by much.
The passwords are formulated by a process that Dashlane calls password walking – the use of letters, numbers, and symbols beside each other on a keyboard. Simpler variations on this theme are qwerty and asdfghjk. To get around password rules, the same method is used with the incorporation of capital letters and symbols.
The study reveals that even though many firms require end users to set strong passwords, employees ignore password guidance or opt for passwords that pass security checks but are really not that secure.
What Makes a Strong Password?
A strong password will not be in the dictionary, will not implement sequential numbers or be created by walking fingers along a keyboard. Brand names and locations should also be avoided. Passwords should be at least 8 characters and should be unique – never used previously by the user, and never reused on a different platform.
Passwords should have at least one capital letter, lowercase letter, symbol and number. If all lowercase letters are used, each letter in the password could be one of 26 different letters. Include capitals and the possible options double to 52. There are 10 digits, growing the options to 62, and let’s say 32 special characters, bringing the total up to 94 options. With so many options and possible combinations, randomly generated passwords are particularly difficult to decipher. However, randomly generated passwords are also very difficult to remember.
Recently, that issue has been recognized by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), which has refreshed its guidance on passwords (See special publication 800-63B).
While the implementation of random strings of characters and symbols makes passwords very difficult to guess and more resilient to hackers’ brute force password guessing tactics, end users have difficulty remembering their passwords and that leads to particularly dangerous behaviors such as writing the password down or keeping it in a browser.
NIST now advises the use of longer passphrases instead of passwords – Iboughtacarwithmyfirstpaypacket or ifihadahorseIwouldcallitDave– for instance. Passphrases are more user-friendly and easier to remember, but are still safe – provided a adequate number of characters are used. If passphrases are encouraged instead of difficult to remember passwords, end users will be less inclined to set passwords that meet strong password guidelines but are not particularly secure – LetMeIn! for example.
The shortest number of characters can be set by each group, but rather than restricting the characters at 16, companies should consider growing this to at least 64. They should also accept all printable ASCII characters, including spaces, and UNICODE characters.
Since some end users will try to put in place weak passwords, it is vital to incorporate controls that prevent commonly used passwords from being used. Each password choice should be reviewed against a blacklist before it can be implemented.
Web filtering for schools has been a requirement in order to qualify for E-Rate discounts on telecommunications and Internet services since the Children´s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) was passed in 2000.
Following this, many states have also passed their own legislation making it a requirement for schools to filter the Internet to ensure children are safeguarded from harmful website content. So far, 24 states have developed legislation to stop children from accessing harmful images including pornography in schools and libraries.
Even in those states where web filtering for schools is not obligatory, lobby groups and parents’ associations have asked for more stringent controls in relation to the content that can be accessed on school computers and through school networks. Web filtering for schools a requirement rather than an option.
While the chief purpose of web filtering for schools is to prevent access to obscene or harmful website content, many schools have opted to put in place a content filtering solution as a cybersecurity tactic. Web filters are used to stop malware downloads and obstructing phishing attacks.
Previously, web filtering required a physical appliance to be placed on a firewall. Appliance based web filters have a number of weaknesses. Appliances are not cheap and need to be updated and maintained by IT support staff. They also restrict the number of users that can access the Internet. When capacity needs to be strengthened, new hardware needs to be bought.
Now a rising number of schools are choosing a lower cost solution. Cloud based web filtering for schools does not necessitate the purchasing of any additional hardware, saving schools thousands of dollars in equipment investment. There is also no obligation for IT teams to be on site. When using a cloud-based solution, everything is cloud based and no software installations are required. DUe to this the entire system can be managed remotely. In order to begin all that you need is for a simple change to be made to the DNS to point it to the solution provider’s servers. That process usually takes just a very short period of time.
There has been a constant rise in HTTPS phishing websites in recent of years, an increase that occured in line with the the shift rate from HTTP to HTTPS on commercial websites. HTTPS sites have been awarded SSL/TLS certificates and display a green padlock beside the the URL. The green padlock shows that the site is secure. It confirms to website visitors that the link between their browser and the website is encrypted. This means there is a level of security from man-in-the-middle attacks by ensuring data sent from the browser to the website cannot be intercepted and viewed by external parties.
HTTPS websites are now used by a large number of companies, particularly e-commerce website owners. This has become more and more important since search engines such as Google Chrome provide clear indications to Internet users that sites may not be secure if the link is not encrypted.
However, users should be aware that the green padlock does not mean that the site is authentic if it can be seen beside the URL it does not mean the site is completely secure.
If the website is managed by a cybercriminal, all the green padlock means is that other hackers will not be able to intercept data. Any data entered on the website will be shared with the criminal operating that site. If Internet users are aware that HTTPS does not mean completely secure, they will be less likely to hand over sensitive information if the green padlock is not present. Unfortunately, free SSL certificates can easily be obtained to turn HTTP sites into HTTPS phishing websites.
PhishLabs released a report, back in Q1, 2016, fewer than 5% of phishing websites used HTTPS. By Q3, 2016, the percentage started to rise rapidly. By Q1, 2017, the percentage had almost reached 10%, and by Q3, 2017, a quarter of phishing websites were using HTTPS. The 30% milestone was reached around Q1, 2018, and at the end of Q3, 2018, 49% of all phishing sites were using HTTPS.
A PhishLabs research survey completed late last year clearly showed the lack of understanding of the meaning of the green padlock. 63% of consumers surveyed viewed the green padlock as meaning the website was legitimate, and 72% saw the website as being secure. Only 18% of those who completed the survey correctly identified the green padlock as only meaning communications with the website were encrypted.
It is crucial that all Internet users to understand that HTTPS phishing websites not only exist, but before long the most phishing websites will be on HTTPS and showing the green padlock. A discussion about the true meaning of HTTPS is long required and it is certainly something that should be covered in security awareness training sessions.
It is also now important for companies to use a web filtering solution can complete SSL inspection – the decryption, scanning, and re-encryption of HTTPS traffic to ensure that access to these malicious websites is prevented. Along with reading content and assessing websites to determine whether they are dangerous, SSL inspection ensures site content can be categorized correctly. This ensures that sites that breach a company’s acceptable usage policies are blocked.
There is a downside to using SSL inspection, and that is the workload placed on CPUs and a reduction in Internet speeds. SSL inspection is therefore optional with most advanced web filters. To ensure that the workload is reduced, IT teams should use whitelisting to stop commonly used websites from being subjected to SSL filtering.
WebTitan Incorporates SSL Filtering to Prevent Access to HTTPS Phishing Websites
WebTitan is a strong web filtering solution for SMBs and managed service providers (MSPs) that supplies protection against web-based threats. There are three products in the WebTitan family – WebTitan Gateway, WebTitan Cloud, and WebTitan Cloud for Wi-Fi; all of which include SSL filtering as standard. If SSL filtering is enabled, users will be secured from HTTPS phishing websites and other malicious sites that have SSL certificates.
All WebTitan products can be downloaded quickly, with no technical knowledge needed, and have been designed to be easy to implement. An intuitive user interface places all information, settings, and reports at users’ fingertips which makes for simple enforcement of acceptable Internet usage polices and fast reporting to identify potential problems – employees browsing habits and users that are attempting to bypass filtering controls for example.
Whether you are an MSP that wants to start providing web filtering to your clients or a SMB owner that wants greater security from web-based threats, the WebTitan suite of products will provide all the features you need and will allow you to strengthen security and employee productivity, cut legal liability, and establish a safe browsing environment for all users of your wired and wireless networks.
For further details on WebTitan, cost analysis, web filtering advice, to reserve a product demonstration, or to register for a free trial of the product, get in touch with TitanHQ now.
If you are browsing online and you will be have to tackle a wide range of threats, some of which could lead to your bank account being emptied or sensitive information being exposed and your accounts being compromised. Then there is ransomware, which could be used to prevent you from accessing your files should you not have backups or opt not to pay the ransom.
The majority of websites now being created are malicious websites, so how can you stay safe online? One solution deployed by businesses and ISPs is the use of a web filter. A web filter can be set up to restrict access to certain categories of Internet content and block most malicious websites.
While it is possible for companies or ISPs to purchase appliances that are located between end users and the Internet, DNS filters allow the Internet to be filtered without having to buy any hardware or install any software. So how is DNS filtering operated?
How is DNS Filtering Operated?
DNS filtering – or Domain Name System filtering to give it its full tname – is a technique of preventing access to certain websites, webpages, or IP addresses. DNS is what permits easy to remember domain names to be used – such as Wikipedia.com – rather than typing in IP addresses – such as 188.8.131.52. DNS maps IP addresses to domain names.
When a domain is bought from a domain register and that domain is hosted, it is given a unique IP address that allows the site to be found. When you try to access a website, a DNS query will be carried out. Your DNS server will look up the IP address of the domain/webpage, which will permit a connection to be made between the browser and the server where the website is hosted. The webpage will then be opened.
So how does DNS filtering operate? With DNS filtering set up, rather than the DNS server returning the IP address if the website exists, the request will be subjected to certain security measures. If a particular webpage or IP address is recognized as malicious, the request to access the site will be denied. Instead of connecting to a website, the user will be sent to a local IP address that will display a block page explaining that the site cannot be opened.
This control could be implemented at the router level, via your ISP, or a third party – a web filtering service provider. In the case of the latter, the user – a business for example – would point their DNS to the service provider. That service provider keeps a blacklist of malicious webpages/IP addresses. If a site is known to be malicious, access to malicious sites will be prevented.
Since the service provider will also group webpages, the DNS filter can also be implemented to block access to certain categories of webpages – pornography, child pornography, file sharing websites, gambling, and gaming sites for example. Provided a business sets up an acceptable usage policy (AUP) and sets that policy with the service provider, the AUP will be live. Since DNS filtering is low-latency, there will be next to no delay in logging onto safe websites that do not breach an organization’s acceptable Internet usage policies.
Can a DNS Filter Prevent Access to All Malicious Websites?
Sadly, no DNS filtering solution will stop access to all malicious websites, as in order for this to be accomplished, a webpage must first be identified as malicious. If a cybercriminal creates a brand-new phishing webpage, there will be a delay between the page being set up and it being reviewed and added to a blocklist. However, a DNS web filter will prevent access to the majority of malicious websites.
Can DNS Filtering be Avoided?
Proxy servers and anonymizer sites could be deployed to mask traffic and bypass the DNS filter unless the chosen solution also prevents access to these anonymizer sites. An end user could also manually amend their DNS settings locally unless they have been locked down. Determined persons may be able to find a way to bypass DNS filtering, but for the majority of end users, a DNS filter will block any effort to access forbidden or harmful website material.
No single cybersecurity solution will let you to block 100% of malicious websites but DNS filtering should definitely form part of your cybersecurity operations as it will allow most malicious sites and malware to be blocked.
Phishing is the most serious one security threat faced by companies. It is a tried and tested social engineering tactic that is favored by hacker as it is very effective.
Phishing emails can be used to trick device users into installing malware or disclosing their login credentials. It is an easy way for hackers to gain a foothold in a network to conduct further phishing attacks on a company.
Phishing works because it targets the most vulnerable link in security defenses: End users. If an email is sent to an inbox, there is a good chance that the email will be opened. Messages range a variety of sneaky tricks to fool end users into taking a specific action such as opening a malicious email attachment or visiting an embedded hyperlink.
Listed here are the main phishing lures of 2018 – Tte messages that have proven to be the most successful at getting end users to divulge sensitive information or download malware.
Main Phishing Lures of 2018
Identifying the top phishing lures is not straightforward. Many groups are obligated to publicly disclose data breaches to comply with industry regulations, but details of the phishing lures that have tricked employees are not usually made available for public consumption.
Instead, the best way to identify the top phishing lures is to study data from security awareness training companies. These companies have developed platforms that companies can use to conduct phishing simulation exercises. To obtain reliable data on the most effective phishing lures it is necessary to analyze huge amounts of data. Since these phishing simulation platforms are used to share millions of dummy phishing emails to employees and record responses, they are useful for identifying the most effective phishing lures.
In the recent weeks, two security awareness training businesses have released reports detailing the top phishing lures of 2018: Cofense and KnowBe4.
Main Phishing Lures on the Cofense Platform
Cofense has developed two lists of the top phishing lures of 2018. One uses the Cofense Intelligence platform which collates data on real phishing attacks and the second list is compiled from reactions to phishing simulations.
Both lists mainly feature phishing attacks involving fake invoices. 70% of the most effective phishing campaigns of 2018 mentioned invoice in the subject line. The other three were also linked to finance: Payment remittance, statement and payment. This makes sense as the finance department is the primary target in phishing attacks on companies.
The list of the main phishing lures from phishing simulations were also heavily dominated by fake invoices, which outnumbered the second most clicked phishing lure by double.
Number of Reported Emails
New Message in Mailbox
Online Order (Attachment)
Secure Message (MS Office Macro)
Online Order (Hyperlink)
Confidential Scanned document (Attachment)
Conversational Wire transfer (BEC Scam)
Main Phishing Lures on the KnowBe4 Platform
KnowBe4 has published two lists of the main phishing lures of Q3, 2018, which were created using responses to simulated phishing emails and real-world phishing attempted on companies that were reported to IT security departments.
The most common real-world phishing attacks recorded in Q3 were:
You have a new encrypted message
IT: Syncing Error – Returned incoming messages
HR: Contact information
FedEx: Sorry we missed you.
Microsoft: Multiple log in attempts
IT: IMPORTANT – NEW SERVER BACKUP
Wells Fargo: Irregular Activities Detected on Your Credit Card
LinkedIn: Your account is at risk!
Microsoft/Office 365: [Reminder]: your secured message
Coinbase: Your cryptocurrency wallet: Two-factor settings changed
The most commonly clicked phishing tricks in Q3 were:
% of Emails Clicked
Password Check Required Immediately
You Have a New Voicemail
Your order is on the way
Change of Password Required Immediately
De-activation of [[email]] in Process
UPS Label Delivery 1ZBE312TNY00015011
Revised Vacation & Sick Time Policy
You’ve received a Document for Signature
Spam Notification: 1 New Messages
[ACTION REQUIRED] – Potential Acceptable Use Violation
Blocking Phishing Attacks at their Source
If login details for email accounts, Office 365, Dropbox, and other cloud services are obtained by scammers, the accounts can be plundered. Sensitive information can be illegally taken and Office 365/email accounts can be used for further phishing attacks on other workers. If malware is downloaded, scammers can gain full control of infected devices. The cost of addressing these attacks is massive and a successful phishing attack can seriously harm a company’s reputation.
Due to the damage that can be inflicted through phishing, it is essential for companies of all sizes to train staff how to identify phishing threats and put in place a system that allows suspicious emails to be reported to security teams swiftly. Resilience to phishing attacks can be greatly enhanced with an effective training program and phishing email simulations. It is also essential to implement an effective email security solution that blocks threats and ensures they do not land in inboxes.
SpamTitan is once such solution. It is an easy to configure email filtering solution that prevents more than 99.9% of spam and phishing emails and 100% of known malware through dual anti-virus engines (Bitdefender and ClamAV). With SpamTitan securing inboxes, businesses are less reliant on their employees’ ability to spot phishing threats.
SpamTitan rigorously checks every incoming email to determine if a message is genuine and should be delivered or is potentially malicious and should be prevented. SpamTitan also carries out checks on outbound emails to see to it, should an an email account is compromised, it cannot be used to end spam and phishing emails internally and to clients and contacts, thus helping to safeguard the reputation of the business.
Strengthen Office 365 Email Security with SpamTitan
There are in excess of 135 million subscribers to Office 365, and such high numbers make Office 365 a big target for scammers. One of the chief ways that Office 365 credentials are obtained is via phishing. Emails are designed to get around Office 365 defenses and hyperlinks are used to direct end users to fake Office 365 login pages where details are harvested.
Companies that have configured Office 365 are likely to still see a huge rise in the number of malicious emails delivered to inboxes. To strengthen Office 365 security, a third-party email filtering control is needed. If SpamTitan is set up with Office 365, a higher percentage of phishing emails and other email threats can be prevented at source.
To discover more about SpamTitan, including details of pricing and to register for a free trial, get in touch with the TitanHQ team today.