A new phishing campaign has been discovered that uses calendar invites to try and steal banking and email details. The messages in the campaign have an iCalendar email attachment which may trick employees as this is a rare file type for phishing. These attachments are therefore unlikely to have been included in security awareness training.
iCalendar files are the file types used to save scheduling and calendaring information including tasks and events. In this instance, the messages in the campaign have the subject line “Fault Detection from Message Center,” and have been issued from a legitimate email account that has been compromised by the attackers in a previous campaign.
As the email comes from a real account rather than a spoofed account, the messages will get around checks such as those conducted through DMARC, DKIM, and SPF, which identify email impersonation attacks where the true sender spoofs an account. DMARC, DKIM, and SPF check to see if the true sender of an email is authorized to send messages from a domain.
As with most phishing campaigns, the hackers use fear and urgency to get users to click without thinking about the legitimacy of the request. On this occasion, the messages include a warning from the bank’s security team that withdrawals have been made from the account that have been marked as suspicious. This campaign is aimed at mobile users, with the messages asking for the file to be opened on a mobile device.
If the email attachment is clicked on, the user will be presented with a new calendar entry titled “Stop Unauthorized Payment” which includes a Microsoft SharePoint URL. If that link is visited, the user will be directed to a Google-hosted website with a phishing kit that spoofs the login for Wells Fargo bank. Both of these websites have authentic SSL certificates, so they may not be marked as suspicious. They will also display the green padlock that shows that the connection between the browser and the website is encrypted and secure, as would be the case for the actual bank website.
The user is then asked to type their username, password, PIN, email address, email password, and account numbers. If the information is entered it is captured by the hacker and the information will be used to gain access to the accounts. To make it appear that the request is authentic, the user will then be directed to the legitimate Wells Fargo website once the information is handed over.
There are warning signs that the request is not authentic, which should be identified by security conscious people. The use of SharePoint and Google domains rather than a direct link to the Wells Fargo website are suspect, the request to only open the file on a mobile device is not explained. The phishing website also requests a lot of information, including email address and password, which are not relevant.
These flags should be enough to trick most users that the request is not real, but any phishing email that bypasses spam filtering defenses and is sent to inboxes is a danger.