Squirrelwaffle, a new strain of malware that is being distributed using spam email messages, has been discovered in the last six weeks.
The disabling of the Emotet botnet last January 2021 created a vacuum within the malware-as-a-service market, a gap that a number of malware strains have attempted to take advantage of. Squirrelwaffle boasts similar capabilities to the Emotoet banking malware. Squirrelwaffle allows threat actors to gain a foothold in networks, which the operators of the malware can abuse. However, the access is being sold to other cybercriminals.
A review of this campaign has indicated that it is being leveraged to download Qakbot and Cobalt Strike. However, there is nothing to suggest that these are the only two malware strains that are being delivered by this malware. The Squirrelwaffle emails feature a hyperlink to a malicious website which is used to download a .zip file that includes either a .doc or .xls file. The Office files contain a malicious script that will install the Squirrelwaffle payload.
The Word documents implement the DocuSign signing service to trick recipients into enabling macros, stating that the document was set up with an older version of Microsoft Office Word so the user must “enable editing” then click “enable content” to access the contents of the file. Doing so will run code that will install and execute a Visual Basic script, which downloads the Squirrelwaffle payload from one of 5 hardcoded URLs. Squirrelwaffle is sent as a DLL which is then executed when downloaded and then silently places Qakbot or Cobalt Strike on the device/network, which will allow constant access to compromised devices.
As happened with the Emotet Trojan, Squirrelwaffle can take over message threads and insert malware. As replies to authentic messages are sent from a legitimate email account, a reply to the message is more likely. This attack method was very successful for the Emotet Trojan. In most cases, the attacks take place in English; however, security experts have discovered emails in different languages such as French, German, Dutch, and Polish.
Due to the similarities with Emotet, it is likely that those responsible for the deactivated botnet are trying to make a comeback. However, it is possible that this is an attempt by unrelated threat actors to fill the market vacuum that was created when Emotet was taken down. At present, the malware is not being distributed to the same extent that Emotet was but that may change in the near future.
The best way to protect devices and servers from an attack like this is to configure email security measures to block the malspam at source and see to it that the malicious messages do not land in inboxes. It is important to implement a spam filtering solution that also scans outbound emails to identify compromised devices and stop attacks on other employees and business contacts from corporate email accounts.